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US History Final 1

Study Guide for US History Final in Semester 1

Reasons why American Colonists settled where they did To carry out trade.
Foundations of American Democracy Examples: Mayflower Compact, House of Burgesses, Albany Plan of Union, and New England Town Meetings.
Why did the Anti-Federalists oppose the ratification of the Constitution in 1787? Because the Constitution failed to include a bill of rights.
Thomas Paine and Common Sense Thomas Paine argued that the American colonies break away from England.
Declaration of Independence Its a social construct meant to guarantee individual rights. It stated that in a democracy, power comes from the People.
Shay’s Rebellion Exposed fundamental weakness in government under the Articles of Confederation.
Louisiana Purchase Thomas Jefferson demonstrated that he changed his belief that the Constitution should be strictly interpreted. (It was important to America because it focused on westward expansion).
Missouri Compromise of 1820 Missouri would be admitted as a slave state while Maine would be admitted as a free state.
Compromise of 1850 It was a compromise on which new states would be slave or free states.
Manifest Destiny First used as a support of Westward expansion to the Pacific Ocean. It was also used in the Mexican-American war to justify US actions.
Economic differences of the North and South prior to the Civil War The North was more industrialized while the South was more agricultural based.
Lincoln’s goal in the Civil War To preserve the Union.
Seneca Falls Convention Often seen as the beginning of the Women's rights movement.
Reconstruction Period The era after the Civil War of reconstruction and where former slaves became citizens.
President Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction Period During the Reconstruction era there was a major difference between Andrew Johnson and Congress on how to reconstruct. This led to his impeachment.
Result of the Civil War The power of the central government was strengthened.
Black Codes After the Civil War, many Southern States enacted Black Codes to restrict rights of the formerly enslaved people.
Native Americans After the Civil War Native American lives changed forever as their country was taken away, as well as their means of support.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 An example of actions that reflected widespread nativist sentiment.
Indian Wars between 1860-1890 A result of the movement of settlers into the Great Plains.
Homestead Act of 1862 Provided free land to settlers and contributed the development of the Great Plains.
Transcontinental Railroad Contributed to the development of the Great Plains.
Development of the Great Plains Farmers, ranchers. miners, merchants, bankers, and railroads developed the plains. While geography, climate, and Native Americans slowed it down.
Three-fifths Compromise Related to slavery and that a slave would count as 3/5 of a person in respect to representation.
Reconstruction goals after the Civil War Heal wartime bitterness by quickly bringing the South back into the Union.
Economic impact of the Civil War The South was in ruins after the war.
Tenements First built in the 19th century to house the poor as cheaply as possible.
Women's’ Suffrage Movement Resulted in the 19th Amendment in 1920. Led by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady before and after the Civil War. Developed a declaration of woman's rights at the Seneca Falls Convention in New York. (Another reform movement for Jacksonian Democracy).
Battleship Maine The sinking of Battleship Maine off the coast of Cuba cased an ambition for America to go to war against Spain.
Why was the North worried about Great Britain during the Civil War? The North worried that Great Britain would ally with the Confederates.
Impressments The practice in which men were forced to serve as British sailors.
Trail of Tears Forced expulsion of Native Americans from the Eastern part of the United States.
Why did the South secede from the Union? They left after the Wilmot Proviso (which proposed that the new territory from the Mexican war would ban slavery).
Emancipation Proclamation Declared that slaves rebelling in the South were free. Made destruction of slavery a Northern war aim. Discouraged any interference from foreign governments.
Why could Lincoln not carry out his plan of Reconstruction? Because he was assassinated just days after Lee surrendered.
Muckrakers Writers who exposed conditions in need of reform (child labor, tenement housing, factory working conditions).
Who had great job opportunities during WWI when they did not before the war? Blacks and Women
Treaty of Versailles France and Britain wanted to punish Germany for the war. A league of nations was made to prevent future aggression. New nations formed as a result.
Rapid Growth of Cities caused? A need for public services, such as water and sewage. Shortage of housing facilities. Rise in slums and tenement housing.
Why did US enter WWI? To make the world safe for democracy. To protect American lives and shipping. To uphold international law.
League of Nations Rejected by Americas because United States foreign policy decisions would be made by an international organization.
Progressivism Progressives sought to use the government to help create a just society. It was a response to industrialism and its social by-products. It was different from populism because it was more urban and enlisted journalists, academics, and social theorists.
Americans reaction to WWI They wanted insurance that the U.S. could stay out of the conflict.
Lusitania sinking The U.S. demanded that Germany to stop using unrestricted submarine warfare.
Zimmermann Telegram An alliance proposal between Germany and Mexico to conquer the United States.
Anti-Federalists Opposed ratification of the United States constitution in 1787 because it failed to include a bill of rights.
Created by: Nolan77348
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