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What does Mesopotamia mean? The land between two rivers
Which two rivers are important to Mesopotamia? The Tigris and Euphrates
What does SPIRE stand for? Society, Politics, Innovation, Religion, Economy
What is a city-state? A city that is its own country (has its own government, military and borders)
What is one city-state that still exists today? Singapore
What are the seven characteristics of civilization? Stable food supply, technology, the arts, government, social structure, religion, writing
What is a surplus? To have more of something than is necessary
What resources did Mesopotamia have a lot of? mud and bricks
What is silt? Fertile soil deposited by a river
Why was Mesopotamia settled as opposed to another location? Because the rivers would flood and create fertile soil, which helped develop agriculture and a stable food supply.
What were the three main civilizations in Mesopotamia? Sumer, Babylon, Assyria
Who was Hammurabi? King of Babylon
What was Hammurabi famous for? Creating the first written code of laws that had brutal punishments
What quotation is Hammurabi famous for and what does it mean? "An eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth" means that if someone hurts me, I can hurt them back.
Name three inventions that Mesopotamia was famous for. The wheel, the sailboat, irrigation.
What is a creation myth? A story that helps explain something that ancient people had a hard time explaining.
What does polytheism mean? A religion that honors many gods.
What does monotheism mean? A religion that honors one god.
Who was the fabled Mesopotamian king thought to be 2/3 god and 1/3 man? Gilgamesh
Who was King Gilgamesh's close friend that died after a curse was put on him? Enkidu
What does "barter" mean? To trade two things for each other without the use of money.
How did humans live before the invention of civilization? As hunter-gatherers.
What invention was accidentally made by being turned on its side? The wheel.
What is an artisan? One who makes things with their hands.
What is a vizier? One who is second in command to the king.
What is a tanner? One who makes leather out of animal skins.
What is a herald? A messenger.
What is a cartwright? One who makes or fixes chariots.
What is an exorcist? One who performs rituals to scare demons away.
What was the Mesopotamian form of writing? Cuneiform
What is domestication? The taming of animals
What is a good? A physical item that you can trade, buy or sell
What is a service? Doing work for someone that you can trade, buy or sell
Created by: awelty
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