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Global 9 Vocab #4

TermDefinition
Hinduism The Vedas are considered sacred. There is one God who can take many forms. The goal of this religion is to achieve Moksha and one can do this through having good Karma and Dharma and reincarnation. Ahimsa, or nonviolence is observed.
Government the group of people that has power to make laws and important decisions for a community, state, or nation
Empire a group of once separate areas ruled by a single person or government
Christianity Religion that started around 30 CE in Palestine after the death of Jesus, a Jew; Belief that Jesus is the son of God and the redeemer of humankind; the bible is the holy text, Ten Commandments.
Judaism Religion that started around 2000 BCE in Palestine where they believe in one God, the Ten Commandments, and their holy text is the Torah.
Dynasty a series of rulers from the same family or group
Belief Systems a set of ideas and practices that help explain the origins of life, what happens after people die, and how to live a good life (note: all religions are belief systems, but not all belief systems are religions).
Legalism Legalism was a philosophy that grew popular during the turbulent Warring States era. The Legalists advocated for a government that handed out strict punishments and rewards for specific behaviors. All activity toward increasing the power of the ruler.
Buddhism This religion/philosophy taught one to seek the middle path through meditation. Understanding the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path would help one reach the goal of Nirvana. It started in Northern India (present day Pakistan) in the 500s BCE.
Daoism Began in China 500 BCE; belief in following natural spontaneity, desire for harmony, and the sense of the absurd, and to follow ‘The Way’.
Confucianism This Chinese man’s ideas are in a book called the Analects. This philosophy taught proper conduct through the Five Relationships-respect for parents, ancestors, teachers, and rulers. Good government was important.
Created by: abarnes2
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