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11 Roaring 20s

US History

large scale product manufacturing usually done by machine; increased number of products, decreased cost which allowed more people to be able to purchase manufactured goods MASS PRODUCTION
perfected the use of an assemble line to manufacture the Model T making it the first affordable, reliable automobile in the US paid employees well and gave them weekends off so employees could be customers too HENRY FORD
period of rising stock prices; signals prosperity BULL MARKET
platform of Harding's 1920 presidential campaign called for a return to a "normal life" after WWI: no more Progressive reforms; laissez faire/pro business economics; return to isolationism RETURN TO NORMALCY
scandal involving Albert Fall secretly leasing lands containing US Naval oil reserves in Teapot Dome, Wyoming to private interests and receiving bribes TEAPOT DOME SCANDAL
conference attended by leading nations to halt the arms race, proof that the US did not really return to isolationism WASHINGTON NAVAL DISARMAMENT CONFERENCE
pact drawn up between US and France (signed by 62 nations) to "outlaw war as an instrument of national policy", proof that the US did not really return to isolationism KELLOGG-BRIAND PACT
no involvement in international politics and issues; Americans wanted to be left alone in the 1920s to pursue prosperity ISOLATIONISM
growing trend to emphasize science and secular (nonreligious) values over traditional ideas about religion and culture; seen in urban areas MODERNISM
beliefs of those who favored a more traditional view of religion, culture and science; embraced by those in rural areas TRADITIONALISM
belief in basic truths of Protestant religion including that every word of the Bible was the literal truth FUNDAMENTALISM
trend that challenged traditional ideas about marriage, work, etc and glorified youth and personal freedom NEW MORALITY
Charles Darwin's theory that humans had developed from simpler life forms EVOLUTION
Fundamentalist belief that the world and humans had been created by God, as described in the Bible CREATIONISM
Tennessee state law that made it illegal to teach evolution in public schools BUTLER ACT
trial of Tennessee public school teacher who was arrested for teaching evolution; also known as the "Monkey Trial" SCOPES TRIAL
defense attorney for John Scopes CLARENCE DARROW
a belief that native-born whites were superior to newcomers; this group felt immigrants took jobs and threatened American culture NATIVISM
established by the Emergency Quota Act and National Origins Act, this system limited the number of immigrants from specific countries QUOTA SYSTEM
mainly rural group that targeted blacks, Jews, Catholics and immigrants KU KLUX KLAN
Constitutional Amendment that prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcohol 18th AMENDMENT
Congressional act that made the enforcement of the 18th Amendment the responsibility of the US Treasury Dept.; this gave the US government police power VOLSTEAD ACT
government's power to control people and property in the public's interest POLICE POWERS
secret drinking establishments during Prohibition SPEAKEASIES
people that sold illegal alcohol to consumers BOOTLEGGERS
Amendment that repealed the 18th Amendment and ended prohibition 21st AMENDMENT
radio, newspapers, movies and magazines; unified the nation and spread ideas and attitudes MASS MEDIA
American hero who flew the Spirit of St. Louis across the Atlantic; first solo, nonstop flight CHARLES LINDBERGH
young women who was a symbol of the changing American woman; short hair, rouged cheeks, short skirts; embraced the ideas of the NEW WOMAN FLAPPER
name given by Gertrude Stein to American writers of the 1920's who had lost faith in their culture and society (F. Scott Fitzgerald,Ernest Hemingway) LOST GENERATION
relocation of millions of African Americans to northern cities in search of racial equality, jobs, a better life GREAT MIGRATION
center of African American life in New York, where 200,000 blacks settled HARLEM
African American leader who immigrated to Harlem from Jamaica; established the Universal Negro Improvement Association; promoted "Black Consciousness" or Negro Nationalism MARCUS GARVEY
American music form that is based on improvisation, combining blues, ragtime and European-based popular music (Louis Armstrong) JAZZ
flowering of African American culture by novelists, poets and artists HARLEM RENAISSANCE
one of most famous of African American poets from the 1920s Langston Hughes
African American writer from Jamaica Claude McKay
gave people a freedom of movement, helped blend rural and urban communities, spurred the growth of many other industries: gas stations, rubber, steel, road building automobile
the term used in late 19th and early 20th centuries to describe women who were pushing against the limits which society imposed on women. New Woman
home appliances and package foods made caring for the home less time consuming (made life easier), this gave women freedom to pursue leisure activities, education, charity, etc... impact of new technologies for women
increased with the passage of the 18th Amendment, bootlegging liquor Mob / organized crime
Created by: CoachKellie