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Chapter 9

Messier US II

Nationalism each country tried to prove their dominance and power
Imperialism -country increases their power wealth by bringing additional territories under their control. -the increasing competition and desire for greater empires led to an increase in confrontation
Militarism The great increase of European countries building up their armed forces
Reasons to Support the Allies Propaganda News - Transatlantic telegraph cable Business Zimmermann Telegram U - Boats
War Industries Board -July 1917 -Coordinated the production of goods and allocation War Material -Bernard Baruch
Food Administration -Herbert Hoover -“Food Will Win the War” -Victory Gardens
Fuel Administration -Harry Garfield -Daylight Savings
National War Labor Board -Prevented Strikes from preventing productions
The Espionage act of 1917 made it illegal to aid the enemy, give false reports, or interfere with the war effort.
The Sedition Act of 1918 made it illegal to speak against the war publicly. Allowed officials to prosecute anyone who criticized the government.
Selective Service -Building the Draft -21 to 30 year old men -Random Lottery -2.8 Million
Vladimir Lenin -Overthrew the provisional government and established a Communist Government in November 1917. -Treaty Brest-Litovsk
The Fourteen Points -First five - free trade ,freedom of the seas, disarmament, and open diplomacy instead of secret agreements -The next eight points addressed the right of national self-determination -formation of the League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles -June 28,1919 -German Army was greatly reduced, forced to take responsibility for the war, pay reparations / 33 Billion Dollars -League of Nations was created -new countries were to be created from the Ottoman Empire.
The Seattle General Strike - 35,000 shipyard workers walked off the job demanding higher wages and shorter hours. -Other workers in the community soon joined in
Allied Powers England, France, United States, Russia
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Black Hand -Serbian nationalist group that wanted to unite all Serbian people under one national government -assassinate Franz Ferdinand
Sussex Pledge -Germany promises to sink no more merchant ships without warning -They had already sunk Lusitania and Sussex with U-Boats
Zimmerman Telegram -Germany asked Mexico to be an ally and promised Mexico land if they won the war -Britain intercepted the message and it leaked into the American newspapers -U.S. decides to go to war with Germany
Big Four Britain, France, United States, and Italy
Contraband goods prohibited from shipment to Germany and its allies
Propaganda information designed to influence opinion
Espionage Spying to acquire government information
Great Migration Companies began to recruit African Americans to move North and work for them. This lead to a change in politics, as African Americans could vote in the North and not the South.
Spark that started the war Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand
Triple Alliance Germany, Italy, Austria-Hungary
Triple Entente British, Russia, France
Created by: SSullivan2SHRHS