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Unit 5

Unit 5 - Vocabulary Road to Revolution

TermDefinition
libel a published false statement that is damaging to a person's reputation; a written defamation
arbitrary power having unlimited power; uncontrolled or unrestricted by law; despotic; tyrannical:
mission local headquarters of a religious group that provides services to local people as it tries to convert them
pioneer person who is among the first to settle in an unpopulated area
speculator a person who forms a theory or conjecture about a subject without firm evidence.
Magna Carta a ground breaking agreement signed by King John in 1215 that guaranteed some basic rights to the people of England.
habeas corpus a court order requiring proof that a prisoner is being justly held
repealed revoke or annul (a law or congressional act).
minister A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other minister
peevish easily irritated, especially by unimportant things.
Townshend Act The Townshend Acts were a series of measures, passed by the British Parliament in 1767, that taxed goods imported to the American colonies. ... The British thought the colonists should help pay the cost of their protection.
Stamp Act 1765 tax that required American colonists to buy a British stamp for every piece of paper they used
taxation no representation Taxation without representation is the act of being taxed by an authority without the benefit of having an elected representatives.
Boston Tea Party a political protest that occurred on December 16, 1773, at Griffin's Wharf in Boston, Massachusetts. American colonists, frustrated and angry at Britain for imposing “taxation without representation,” dumped 342 chests of British tea into the harbor.
deist included a range of people from anti-Christian to non-Christian theists. For deists, human beings can know God only via reason and the observation of nature, but not by revelation or by supernatural manifestations (
patriot Americans who wanted to be free of British rule, sometimes called Whigs
quarter be stationed or lodged in a specified place.
loyalists American colonists who remained loyal to the British during the American Revolution, also called Tories
readcoats nickname for the British soldiers during the Revolutionary War
Boston Massacre a deadly riot that occurred on March 5, 1770, on King Street in Boston. It began as a street brawl between American colonists and a lone British soldier, but quickly escalated to a chaotic, bloody slaughter
minuteman farmers in colonial America who trained to fight the British
congress group of representatives who come together for discussion, voting, and action
propraganda information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
Shot heard around the world he British met the minutemen in Concord and a shot was fired. ... The Shot Heard Round The World: Battle Breaks Out At Lexington. 1775 Battle of Lexington.
continental congress which was comprised of delegates from the colonies, met in 1774 in reaction to the Coercive Acts, a series of measures imposed by the British government on the colonies in response to their resistance to new taxes.
2nd continental congress Convened in May, 1775, the Second Continental Congress decreed that a Continental Army be formed under the command of George Washington
company a body of soldiers
Declaration of Independence Statement declaring American independence from Britain, signed July 4, 1776
Sons of Liberty group that stirred up riots against the British before and during the Revolutionary War
Created by: kthayer78