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The Civil War Vocab.

Unit 8.

TermDefinition
Secession to secede or withdrawal (Eleven states broke away or secede from the Union before the Civil War over the issues of states rights and slavery)
Union States that remained united after the secession of eleven others. Commonly called "the North" or "the Free States" during the Civil War.
Confederacy The eleven states that seceded from the Union before the Civil War.
Border States The four states of Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri. These states allowed for slavery, but did not withdrawal (secede) from the Union before the Civil War.
popular sovereignty Giving people the power to decide issues in government.
topography the study or description of surface features in a region including hills, mountains , valleys, rivers, ports and War- Ex. (High Ground at Gettysburg and Mississippi River at Vicksburg)
blockade to isolate, close off, or surround a place such as a port.
cash crops a crop that is heavily marketed for profit
Missouri Compromise (1820) Missouri entered the Union as a slave state; Maine would enter the Union as a free state
The First Battle of Manassas also called "Bun Run" and was the first MAJOR battle of the Civil War
Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln and made "freeing the slaves" the new focus of the war (Many African Americans joined the Union army as a result)
Battle of Vicksburg divided the South and give the North control of the Mississippi River
Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the Civil War as the North repelled Lee's invasion
Gettysburg Address Given by Lincoln who said the war was to preserve a government "of the people, by the people, and for the people".
Appomattox Courthouse where Lee surrendered to grant in 1865 to end the war
Abraham Lincoln President of the United states during the Civil War who opposed the SPREAD of slavery and was determined to preserved the Union, by force if necessary.
Jefferson Davis
Ulysses S. Grant general of the Union army that defeated Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee Leader of the Army in Northern Virginia (Confederate) who was offered full command of the Union forces at the beginning of the war.
Tomas "Stonewall" Jackson a skilled Confederate general from Virginia
Clara Barton a Civil War nurse who created the American Red Cross
Robert Smalls An African American sailor and Union naval captain who was highly honored for his feats of bravery and heroin. He became a Congressman after the war
Created by: Punch007