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Enlightenment Vocab

Vocabulary Terms for the Enlightenment

TermDefinition
Enlightenment A time of optimism and possibility from the late 1600s to the late 1700s, also called the Age of Reason
Salons Gatherings in which intellectual and political ideas were exchanged during the Enlightenment
Social Contract An agreement between a people and their government, stating that people would give up some of their freedom and in return, their government would provide them with peace, security, and order
John Locke English philosopher who developed political and economic theories during the Enlightenment, He wrote the Treatises of Two Government in which he declared that people have a right to rebel against governments that do not protect their rights
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Swiss-French political philosopher, He valued the social contract and addressed the nature of man in his work On the Origin of Inequality
Baron de Montesquieu French jurist and political philosopher, He explored democratic theories of government, He proposed a government divided into three branches and greatly influenced the US Constitution.
Voltaire French philosopher and author, He was a supporter of deism, He advocated a tolerant approach to religion
Enlightened Despots The absolute monarchs in 18th century Europe who ruled according to the principles of the Enlightenment
Divine Right God given right to rule
Absolute Monarch A ruler that has unlimited power and authority over his or her people
Created by: NavyBoatDriver
 

 



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