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Industrialization

TermDefinition
Harry Bessemer Developed a process to make steel stronger and More Affordable Can make more steel
Andrew Carnegie 1870 - starts to make steel in Pittsburg, PA. Goal is to make steel as affordable as possible. Did this by controlling all steps in the steel making process. By 1900, US provided more steel than any other country. One of the richest men in the world.
John D. Rockefeller Built his first oil refinery in Cleveland, OH in 1863. By 1890 his Standard oil Co. controlled 90% of the oil industry. One of the richest men in the world.
George Westinghouse Westing house Electric Co. -1896. Developed AC (Alternating Current) for use in homes and buisnesses.
William Randolph Hearst Developed newspaper business by using BIG eyec catching headlines, illustrations, and color. Owned most of the newspapers in US by 1900-monopoly.
Madame C.J. Walker 1906 - bottled shampoo in her attic. Sold products door to door. First African American woman to become a millionare.
J.P Morgan Wealthiest and most poewrful banker in the U.S. During the Industrial Age. Invested in railroads, mining stell.
Natural Resources America had a lot and it helped industry grow. These are resources that are from nature, not made by people. Ex.:Iron, coal, oil, timber, water,
Human resources people who work to produce gods and services.Immagrants really helped grow the workforce during the Industrial Age.
Capital Resources Tools, machines, (money) that companies use to produce goods and services.
Monopoly When one company has control of an industry. Cuts down on competition so it hurts the customer by limiting choices and driving up prices.
Sweatshop hot, cramped workshops where many industrial had to do their before labor reform
Triangle shirtwaist company A company in New York city where workers complained about the dangerous conditions. They asked owners to build fire escapes and to keep the doors unlocked. The owners refused. In march 1911 a fire broke out, 150 people died.
Lewis Hine Led the movement against child labor.
Labor Union Organized groups to gain improved working conditions, better wages, more saftey and an end to child labor.
Samuel Gompers One of the early union leaders. Led unions to join together and form the American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Strike Workers refuse to work to try to force buisness to meet their demands
Mary Harris Jones Helped lead the Unites Mine Workers in the Appalachain mountains. She was known as "Mother Jones".
Labor day Created by the labor unions to honor the workers in America. First held in September 1882. Congress made it an official holiday in 1894.
Created by: 00052596
 

 



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