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Chapter 9

20/21st - Davis - SVHS - The Progressive Era

QuestionAnswer
Progressive Movement reform efforts at the beginning of the 20th Century targeted to address many social problems such as working conditions, womens/chilrens rights, big business, and government
Prohibition the banning of alcoholic beverages
Muckrakers journalists who sought to expose corruption in business as well as government
Initiative a bill originated by the people rather than lawmakers
Suffrage the right for women to vote
"bully pulpit" the presidency used to influence news media and to shape legislation
Arbitration where a dispute is resolved by an outside party and the decision is final
Tariff a tax, usually on imported goods
Federal Trade Commission formed to serve as a "watchdog" agency to end unfair business practices
Federal Income Tax provided revenue by taxing individual earnings and corporate profits
What were the four goals of reformers during the Progressive Era? protect social welfare, promote moral improvement, create economic reform, & foster efficiency
Which social welfare reform project opened libraries, sponsored classes, and built swimming pools and handball courts? YMCA
Which social welfare reform project fed poor people in soup kitchens, cared for children in nurseries, and sent out “slum brigades” to instruct poor immigrants in values of hard work and temperance The Salvation Army
Members of what reform organization followed the slogan "Do it all" and began opening kindergartens, visiting prisons & asylums, and working for suffrage Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
Eugene Debs organized what part? Commenting on the uneven balance among big business, government, & ordinary people under the free-market system of capitalism. the American Socialist Party
Many Progressive leaders put their faith in _____________________to make society better and more efficient. scientific principles
Efforts at reforming local government stemmed from the desire to make government more __________ and _________to citizens. efficient and responsive
By 1918 what had happened in efforts to put an end to child labor? nearly every state had banned it or limited it
Progressives also succeeded in winning _________________ to aid families of injured workers. worker’s compensation
What Amendment calles for the direct election of U.S. Senators, which progressives pushed for To force senators to be more responsive to the public? the 17th Amendment
By 1900, one out of five women worked in the garment trade, office work, department stores, or classrooms because they had what? a high school diploma
Teddy said through his __________________ if big business victimized workers then he would see to it that they would get fair dealings between businesses, consumers, and workers. Square Deal
After reading The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, Roosevelt pushed for passage of what two laws? Meat Inspection Act & Pure Food and Drug Act
Roosevelt was a progressivist, but he failed to support? Civil Rights for African Americans
Was formed by a number of African Americans and prominent white with the goal of the organization being full equality among the races? National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Who “busted” 90 trusts during his 4 years in office? William H. Taft
What describes the Republicans split in 1912? Conservative Republicans nominated Taft & Progressive Republicans nominated Roosevelt
Which Amendment ratified in 1916, legalized a graduated federal income tax, which provided revenue by taxing individual earnings and corporate profits? the 16th Amendment
What was one of Wilson’s most enduring achievements, and still serves as the basis of the nation’s banking system? The Federal Reserve System
Through local, state and national organization, vigorous protests and World War I, women finally realized their dream in 1920 –72 years after the first Women’s Convention with the ratification of which Amendment? the 19th Amendment
Created by: davissvhs