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13 Colonies

Roanoke 1585/ Sir Walter Raleigh/ expand territory/gold
Jamestown 1607/ The Virginia Company/ led by Capt. John Smith/ tobacco made it first permanent settlement
Plymouth 1620 pilgrims (separatists) rel. freedom from Church of England
First Forms of Self - Government Jamestown: House of Burgesses/ Plymouth: Mayflower Compact
House of Burgesses representative gov.: first form of government in which voters elect people to make laws/ first legislature
Mayflower Compact called for "just and equal laws" officeholders elected by adult males -first doc. in which American colonists claimed the right for self gov.
New England Colonies Massachusetts/ New Hampshire/ Rhode Island/ Connecticut
Middle Colonies New York/ Delaware/ New Jersey/ Pennsylvania
Southern Colonies Virginia/ North Carolina/South Carolina/ Maryland/ Georgia
New England Geography hills/ low mountains/ forests/ rocky soil/ coasts
Middle Geography warmer than NE/ longer growing season/ fertile soil/ lots of rivers (good for trade)
Southern Geography large coastal area (Tidewater)/ flat land/ swamps/ hot and humid
New England Economy fishing/ ship-building/ lumbering/ fur-trading/ metal-working
Middle Economy farmers grew wheat (America's Breadbasket)/ fruit/vegetable farms (small)
Southern Economy tobacco/rice/cotton plantations/ plantations = slavery
Bacon's Rebellion a revolt by settlers directed at more protection by colonial gov. from Native attacks
Puritans a strict religious group that wanted to reform, not separate from, the Church of England
Quakers a religious group that believed all people are equal in spiritual matters (even women and children)
Great Awakening period of religious revival, began as a reaction against what some Christians saw as a decline of religious zeal in the colonies/ led to rise of new churches (Methodists, Baptists, etc.)
Indentured Servants temporary, could leave after terms were over/ led to use of slavery
Slaves enslaved African Americans imported from Africa by the Middle Passage to work the plantations/ permanent/ led to racism
Racism the belief that one race is superior or inferior to another
Middle Passage brutal voyage transporting slaves across the Atlantic Ocean
Mercantilism the purpose of the colonies was to supply their "mother country" with raw materials
French and Indian War Britain and France competed for control of North America/ most Natives Americans fought with French/ George Washington led Virginia militia
Albany Congress & Plan of Union attempt for the colonies to cooperate in defense against French Benjamin Franklin suggested the unison of colonies in the "Join or Die" comic
Treaty of Paris signed in 1763/ France ceded French Canada and all territory east of Miss. to Britain/ Spanish Florida went to Britain/ Spain received New Orleans, all French territory west of Miss./ led to colonists' and Native Americans' conflict
Proclamation of 1763 Britain banned colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains
Economic Reasons to Move to America riches, natural resources
Political Reasons to Move to America discontent w/ old gov, desired start new gov.
Social Reasons to Move to America gain higher status
Religious Reasons to Move to America desired rel. freedom
Cash Crops crops grown in large quantities to make money
Created by: luna013



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