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Labor movement and growth of cities

Social Darwinism Natural selection- the strongest business survive, and the government doesn't intervene.
Monopoly One company (person) that controls an entire industry (no competition)
Robber Barons Men like Carnegie and Rockefeller, who use corrupt business practices to dominate an industry
Union Group of workers/laborers that come together to demand change; better wages, working conditions, treatment
American Federation of Labor Union founded by Samuel Gompers for craft or skilled labor
Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies) Union they wanted to overthrow capitalism, workers take control of all industry
Eugene Debs Led the Railroad Union, ran for President several times as a member of the Socialist party “Father of American Socialism”
Elevator (Elisha Otis) developed in 1861
Louis Sullivan Skyscraper designer. The purpose is more important than elegance (design motto "form follows function")
Electricity (Thomas Edison) The better version of the light bulb was developed in 1879
Alexander Graham Bell (Telephone) developed in 1876 for faster communications
Department Stores Provided a large variety of merchandise for less money and better quality Ex: Woolworth's, John Wanamaker's, Marshall Field's
New Mass Transit Systems Cable Cars (cities like San Francisco and Chicago by mid 1880's), Subway (Boston in 1897, afford to live farther from city), Brooklyn Bridge (improved regional transit lines)
Mass Housing (Tenements) A place for the Urban poor and many incoming immigrants. James E. Ware won publications contest for tenement design (Dumbbell tenement-thinner in center so allowed light to enter, often filled w/ garbage, air allowed fire to spread(
Cholera/Yellow Fever Diseases that were common epidemics that killed many
Vices Gambling-hopes of wealth, Prostitution-additional income, Alcoholism- false means of escape
Gangs Members were youth that worked in factories and pauperism, they roamed the streets. Poverty breed crime, theft, and violence