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Three Branches Quiz

Legislative, Executive and Judicial Branches of Government

QuestionAnswer
Making laws Legislative
Established by Article I Legislative Branch
Consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives (Congress) Legislative
Population of the state determines the number of members House of Representatives
Term length for a member of U.S. House of Representatives 2 years (No term limit)
Qualifications for Representative Age = 25; 7 years as a U.S. citizen
Who represents us in the House -District 13 ? Brendan Boyle
How many members are in the U.S. House of Representatives? 435
How many members are in the U.S. Senate? 100 (2 for each state)
Term length for a U.S. Senator 6 years (No term limit)
Qualifications for Senator Age = 30; 9 years a U.S. citizen
Who are the U.S. Senators from Pennsylvania? Bob Casey Jr. and Patrick Toomey
A proposed law is called a Bill
A bill must be approved by majorities of the House and Senate
Who must sign an approved bill for it to become a law? President
What is a VETO? President rejects a bill
How can the Senate and House overturn a VETO? (rejection by President) If 2/3 of the Senate and House approve the bill it becomes law
Established by Article II Executive Branch
Carry out laws/Enforce laws Executive Branch
Commander-in-Chief and Chief Diplomat President
Term length for a President 4 years ( 2 term limit)
Qualification for President Age = 35 Must be a natural born citizen
Who determines the winner of presidential elections? The Electoral College
Each state has a number of electoral votes equal to? Total members in Congress e.g. 20 electoral votes for PA ( 18 members in the House of Representatives and 2 Senators)
How many electoral votes are there and what is needed to win? 538 total electoral votes with 270 needed to win
Who elects the president if no candidate wins the necessary electoral votes? The House of Representatives
Established by Article III Judicial Branch
Interpret the law Judicial Branch
Who decides which cases will be heard by the Supreme Court? Supreme Court justices
How many justices are on the Supreme Court? 8 Associate Justices + 1 Chief Justice = 9 members
Term Length for a Supreme Court Justice Serve for life ( until they are ready to retire)
Are Supreme Court Justices elected or appointed? Appointed by the President and must be approved by a majority of the Senate
Name one member of the Supreme Court. Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer, Samuel Alito, Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan and John Roberts
What is the system of checks and balances? Designed to make all branches equal; each branch has power over the others; keeps any one person or group from becoming too powerful
Created by: Barbara Conway
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