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Social Studies

4th grade chapter 4

QuestionAnswer
Which countries showed an interest in the Ohio Country first? France and Great Britain
Which states made up the region known as the Ohio Country? Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania
What was the land called that Jacques Cartier explored? New France
What was Sieur de La Salle's job in New France? he ran a trading post
What did La Salle name the river that he explored and what does it mean? La Belle Riviere - means beautiful river
Which country established the 13 colonies? Great Britain
What did Celeron do to stake a claim on the land that he claimed for the French? buried lead plate
Who started the French and Indian War? the French
What did the French build along the eastern border of the Ohio Country? chain of forts
Who was supposed to be put in charge of the small British trading post near Pittsburgh? George Washington
What is the name of the war? French and Indian War
Who were the allies in the war? The French and the Indians
Why did the French want the land? to set up a trading post
Why did the English want the land in the Ohio Country? to buy and sell the land
Why do you think that the Indians became allies with the French? they wanted to live peacefully on the land
What was seen as the final defeat on the French in this war? the French lost Quebec
Which paper ended the war? Treaty of Paris
What did the treaty give to the British? they got all of the French land in North America
Why did Pontiac start the war in 1763? he did not like that the British were controlling the land
What was the outcome of the war started by Pontiac? the Native Americans lost
What was the British plan to keep peace with the Native Americans? the British said that no other colonists would be allowed to move into the area of Ohio
What is a squatter? people who ignored and took land that wasn't theirs
How did the Native Americans react to the squatters? they were furious and started attacking
What was Logan's Lament about? an Indian was betrayed by the colonists
Which document declared the colonists' decision to free themselves from British rule? the Declaration of Independence
What did the British want the colonists to pay? taxes
What is the war fought by the American colonies to end British rule? The American Revolution
Who did the British try to get to help them battle the colonists? Indians
A ________ leader named _________ agreed to fight the American colonists of the Northwest Shawnee leader named Cornstalk
When was the American Revolution over? by the spring of 1783
What did the Americans develop as a basis for setting up their own government? Articles of Confederation
In what year did the Americans develop the Articles of Confederation? 1777
Who decided what to do with the land to the west of the Appalachian Mountains? Congress
What called for the land to be surveyed? What was the land then divided into? Land Ordinance of 1785; divided into townships
What is another law that the Congress passed? Northwest Ordinance
The Northwest Ordinance gave the region what name? It also set up a plan for the government. Northwest Territory
What are the 3 steps to become a state? 1. Chose a governor, secretary, and 3 judges; 2. Have at least 5,000 white males in the territory to vote in a legislature; 3. 60,000 people living in a territory could then write a constitution and ask to become a state
Who was the first governor of the Northwest Territory? Arthur St. Clair
What did the Northwest Ordinance forbid? slavery
Who was the scout that helped make a road through the Appalachian Mountains and what was the path called? Daniel Boone; Wilderness Trail
Pioneers used the Ohio River to travel, too. What did they pack all of the belongings on and float down the river? flatboat
What was the first permanent settlement in the Northwest Territory called? Marietta
What were two of the next settlements along the Little Miami River? Columbia and Losantiville
What did the Columbia and Losantiville settlements combine to become? Cincinnati
Created by: schmaltzla
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