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US 11

Chapter 8 Growth of a National Economy

TermDefinition
Industrial Revolution Increased production by using machines rather than humans or animals; British machinist migrated to U.S. and brought knowledge in late 1700s
interchangeable parts system of manufacturing in which all parts are made to exact standard for easy mass asssembly
cotton gin machine that separates seeds from raw cotton fiber
patent a license that gives an inventor the exclusive right to make, use, or sell an invention for a period of time
Market Revolution shift from home-based economy to one based on money and buying/selling of goods
free enterprise system economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods
investment capital money that business spends in hopes of a future gain
bank note piece of paper that a bank issues to its customers that can be exchanged for gold or silver
industrialization development of industry
tenement crowded apartments with poor living conditions
labor union worker organization formed to protect the new members insterests (steel workers union)
labor disputes poor working conditions in factories, low wages, poor safety conditions
cotton belt 1850s name for band of states from S. Carolina to Texas that relied on cotton for economy
Turner's Rebellion unsuccessful slave revolt led by Nat Turner in 1831; result was restrictions on slaves were tightened (could not learn to read/write, nor move freely around or gather and beaten or hung for rebellions)
Dartmouth College v. Woodward 1819 case in which the Supreme Court ruled that states could not interfere with private contracts
McCulloch v. Maryland Supreme Court cased ruled that Congress has the authority to take actions to fulfill its constitution
Monroe Doctrine U.S. would oppose efforts by any outside power to control a nation in Western Hemisphere
American System combination of gov't backed economic development and protective tariffs aimed at encouraging business growth
Election of 1824 controversial election over economic problems, spread of slavery, and other issues leading to conflict among Jeffersonian Republican party
spoils system practice of giving appointed offices as rewards from the successful party in election
Tariff of 1828 a high tariff on imports that benefited the industrial North while forcing Sounterner's to pay higher prices on manufactured goods
Indian Removal Act 1830, law calling for the President to give Native Americans land in parts of the Louisiana Purchase in eschange for land taken from them in the East.
Trail of Tears the fosed movement of cherokees in 1838 to land west of the mississippi river.
Black Hawk War uprising led by a warrior named Black Hawk in witch Nattive Americans tried to reclaim their land in the Illinois Territorry.
Second siminole war 1835 war in witch the Seminoles tried to retainn their land in Flordia.
Created by: mbarkley