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Latin America

Q&A about historical background on political order in Latin America

TermDefinition
Discovery of America (1492) Christopher Columbus was sponsored by the King and Quin of Spain with 3 ships (Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria) to find the way to Inda, but instead discovered America
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) was an Italian explorer and navigator. Between 1492 and 1504, he made a total of four voyages to the Caribbean and South America and has been credited for opening up the Americas to European colonization.
Papal Settlement (1493) Portugaise colonization of Brazil.
Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) An agreement between Portugal and Spain which declared that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
Pedro Alvares Cabral (1467-1520) Brasil Had a task of a religeou service to spread Catholicism wherever he went, which was what he did when he sailed to Brazil (1500) and established a Portuguese colony there
Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) Mexico Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the conquest of Aztec Mexico in 1519-1521 for Spain. Created a Viceroyalty in New Spain (Mexico) in 1535
Francisco Pizarro (1474-1541) Peru Was a Spanish conquistador whose famed conquest of the Inca Empire in the 1530s made him and his men fantastically wealthy and won for Spain a rich New World colony and who created Viceroyalty in Peru in 1521
Spanish colonies had problems with metropole... The loss of confidence Spanish metropole because of: 1. Triumph of French Revolution (from ancien regime to republicanism) 2. Napoleonic Wars 3. Spanish colonialism suffered from ethnic inequality 4. The US example
Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) fought for independence in Columbia, Venezuela, Panama and Ecuador
Jose de San Martin South American general and statesman, born in Argentina: leader in winning independence for Argentina, Peru, and Chile; protector of Peru
Agustin de Iturbide (1783-1824) granted independence to Mexico
Caudillismo Regional control of a local military strongman known as a caudillo. A common form of leadership during the Latin American Revolutionary period.
Monroe Doctrine (1823) US foreign policy regarding Latin American countries stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention.
Created by: vtshimanovskaya