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Chapter 5 less 1

Important information about the lesson 1 of chapter 5

President George Washington -1789 and was a revolutionary leader
Precedent an act or statement that becomes a rule, example or tradition to be followed.
Judiciary Appeal to (3) circuit courts 1 supreme court 6 judges (Chief Justice, John Jay) Supreme Court: Was also used as a trial court
Executive branch: Creating the president's cabinet: One of Washington's most important Precedent was: Cabinet Heads of the executive departments who meet as a group in order to advise the president
4 executive departments were: Four executive departments were: State (Thomas Jefferson: conducted foreign policy) Treasury (Alexander Hamilton: Managed the nations finance) War (Supervised National Defense) Attorney general (Nation's lawyer)
Legislative Branch: president George Washington Electoral colleges States Legislatures (governments) Congress Vice President John Adams
Foreign Affairs: Foreign Affairs: Spain France Great Britain
Hamilton's plan: He wanted to diversify the economy He wanted to develop an industrial and commercial economy rather than the agriculture one they had. Wanting a strong federal government and a large army and navy. He meant to sell the government bonds which wou
Three benefits that brought the plan: It made it easier to borrow money it would buy political support from thel wealthiest americans It would enrich investors
Southern States opposed to Hamilton's plan: They were mainly agriculture Why should they pay federal taxes to bail out nothern states? And why should their tax dollars flow into the pockets of creditors in the Northeast?
The whiskey Rebellion: they were putting taxes on the Whiskey and people hated that because it reminded them of the taxes great Britain had put on everything for many years which then led to the revolution. 1794: (Western Pennsylvania) They intimidated and attacked tax col
Political parties emerged and eventually formed two parties: The Federalist Democratic Republicans ( they wanted the country's economy to depend of agriculture) --> They both could be found in every social class --> Many voters believed that the Republicans offered more social mobility
Domestic and foreign affairs: 1790: Americans Indians ed by the war chief Little Turtle defeated a small force sent by president Washington to stop against settlers 1794: Battle of Fallen timbers Battle in which federal troops defeated the federal Confederacy of American Indians
Treaty of Greenville: American Indian leaders ceded most of the present state of Ohio to U.S government
Americans and the french revolution: 1789: Americans welcomed news of the French Revolution 1793: France declared war on the monarchies of Europe, including Great Britain Both political parties decided that United States was to weak to participate
Foreign policy affects domestic policy: The Jay treaty of 1794: had offended the Betrayal of their 1778 treaty of alliance with the United States
XYZ affairs: diplomatic controversy in 1798 in which French officials demanded bribes of American negotiators
The alien and sedition acts: Laws that permitted the government to imprison non-citizens immigrants, known as aliens and to prosecute those who critized the government.
Election 1800; The sedition act and the new federal taxes become very unpopular. Aaron Burr: third vice president of the United States
Created by: faabingss
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