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Chapter 5

TermDefinition
Creole language A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
Denglish A combination of Deutsch(the German word for German) and English
Developing language A language spoken in daily use with a literary tradition that is not widely distributed
Dialect A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
Ebonics A dialect spoken by some African Americans
Extinct language A language that was once used by people on daily activities but is no longer used
Franglais A combination of Fran├žais and Anglais
Institutional language A language used in education, work, mad media, and government
Isogloss A boundary that seperates regions in which different language usages predominate
Isolated languages A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family
Language A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning
Language branch A collection of languages relayed through a common ancestor that can be confirmed through archaeological evidence
Language family A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history
Language group A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
Lingua franca A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
Literary tradition A language that is written as well as spoken
Logogram A symbol that represents a word rather than a sound
Official language The language adopted for use by a government for the conduct of business and publication of documents
Pidgin language A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca; used for communications among speakers of two different languages
Received Pronunciation(RP) The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard in the United Kingdom
Spanglish A combination of Spanish and English spoken by Hispanic Americans
Standard language The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications
Subdialect A sub division of a dialect
Vigorous language A language that is spoken in daily use but that lacks a literary tradition
Vulgar Latin A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents
Created by: Yedani