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roaring twenties

Roaring Twenties Beneath an appearance of calm and prosperity, America was experiencing fundamental economic and social changes
“Return to Normalcy” President Warren Harding used this to describe a less ambitious foreign policy and a greater emphasis on peacetime
Red Scare Fear of a Communist revolution in the U.S.
Teapot Dome Scandal Occurred when Harding appointed his friends who turned out to be dishonest and took bribes in exchange for oil leasesq
Warren Harding Republican president who enacted high tariffs, lowered taxes and restricted immigration. He urged greater rights for African Americans and resisted anti-Semitism
Calvin Coolidge As the Governor of Massachusetts, he gained attention for opposing the Boston police strike of 1919. Became president when Harding died suddenly. Symbolized the old-fashioned values of honesty and thrift
“Rugged individualism” Hoover coined this term to describe the reason for “American greatness”—a system in which individuals were given equal opportunities, a free education, and a will to succeed.
Herbert Hoover Republican president who felt that too much government interference in business would undermine the nation’s prosperity by “drying up the spirit of liberty and progress.”
Prohibition The 11 year illegalization of alcohol motivated primarily by moral, religious, and traditional family values.
Frances Willard President of the National Women’s Temperance Union
Eighteenth Amendment Banned the sale of alcoholic drinks
Twenty-first Amendment Repealed the prohibition of alcohol
Scopes “Monkey Trial” The trial of a biology teacher who was arrested for teaching his class about the theory of evolution; the trial pitted older religious beliefs against new scientific theories
Clarence Darrow Defense attorney who represented a Tennessee biology teacher charged with teaching Darwin’s theory of evolution to high school students.
Immigration Acts Collections of laws passed in the 1920s that placed numerical limitations on the number of immigrants from specific countries, with Western Europe being favored and Asia being disfavored.
Eugenics Pseudo-scientific belief that the human race could be improved by selective breeding, with emphasis on Arian traits (blue eyes, blond hair).
Flapper Group of young women, characterized by short hair and skirts, who rejected traditional societal expectations in the 1920s.
Tin Pan Alley Area of New York city that produced a variety of popular music throughout the early twentieth century, partly in response to a growing demand for sheet music.
Great Migration Large-scale movement, caused largely by racism and lack of opportunity, of African Americans from the South to cities in the North and Midwest.
Harlem Renaissance Intellectual and artistic movement of the 1920’s that emphasized and popularized works by black artists and authors.
Langston Hughes African American poet who found an affinity with Harlem and helped found the Harlem renaissance.
Marcus Garvey Early black activist writing about the disillusionment of many blacks who served in WWI and returned home to find racism as wide-spread as ever. He (in the U.S. and Europe) emphasized the importance of African culture to disenfranchised blacks.
Charles Lindbergh Achieved fame after completing the first non-stop flight across the Atlantic ocean (from New York to Paris) in his plane “Spirit of St. Louis.”
Created by: ar12354



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