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Unit 9

US History - Standards 21-23

Bay of Pigs US and CIA attempt to carry out a coup against Castro (Cuba). Epic Failure and Castro gets support from the Soviets
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962- Castro allows Soviets to put nuclear missiles aimed at US in Cuba. Both sides agree to remove nuclear weapons farther away from each other.
John F Kennedy (JFK) 35th President. 1st to debate on TV and president during Vietnam and Civil Rights legislation supporter. Assassinated in Dallas, Tx in 1963
Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ) Becomes the 36th President after the assassination of JFK. Promoted and signed Civil Rights Act 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965
Vietnam War containment issue where North Vietnam invades South Vietnam pushing communism. The US aids Southern Vietnam but pull out of the war in 1973
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution issued by Congress that gave the President authorization to conduct military operations in Southeast Asia without a formal declaration of war/
Vietcong communist backed Vietnamese group that fought using guerrilla tactics.
Domino Theory if one country in Southeastern Asia fell to communism then the others would also fall.
Great Society program that was a way to attack the endemic problem of poverty in the US. launched by LBJ
Medicare federal government program that provides health care coverage (health insurance) if you are 65+ - part of the Great Society
Medicaid federal government program that provides health coverage for some low-income people, families and children, pregnant women, the elderly, and people with disabilities.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed major forms of discrimination against Blacks and women. The law ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and the racial segregation of schools, places of work, and facilities that served the general public.
Voting Rights Act of 1965 made it illegal for Black voters to be disenfranchised through unfair voter registration criteria. It ended the practice of using literacy tests as a qualification to vote and mandated federal oversight of elections in Southern States.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) student led organization that fought for civil rights
Martin Luther King Jr Civil Rights leader that supported non-violent tactics to fight for Civil Rights. arrested many times.
Letter from Birmingham Jail open letter written to write christian leaders in defense of the non-violent methods being used to attack racism
March on Washington/"I Have a Dream" Speech March that led to a speech in front of Lincoln Memorial at 1963 March on Washington called forth an ideal in which racism and bigotry would end and all races could live in harmony with one another.
Cesar Chavez He organized Latino laborers in California to fight for civil rights in similar fashions
Robert (Bobby) Kennedy brother of JFK that was the democratic candidate for president. assassinated in 1968 while campaigning
Tet Offensive January attack on Vietnamese new year - One hundred South Vietnamese cities were attacked simultaneously by the Vietcong
Richard Nixon 37th president who was elected in 1968 promising to end the Vietnam War. 1st president to go to China and open trade relations/business and EPA-resigns before impeachment
Gerald Ford 38th president -pardoned Nixon after he resigns which taints his presidency
Jimmy Carter 39th President - GA president-responsible for the Camp David Accords and remembered for Iran Hostage Crisis
War Powers Act 1973 reversed Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Camp David Accords peace agreement between Israel and Egypt at Camp David by Carter
Iranian Hostage Crisis 52 Americans held captive for 444 days by Iran- Carter's administration did not react fast enough.
Rachel Carson wrote Silent Spring that was about pesticides which sparked an environmentalist movement
Environmental Protection Agency a passage of laws to regulate laws about the environment and an overall protection of the environment
National Organization for Women formed in 1966 with a goal to bring women into full participation of the mainstream of American society and to fight for an equal partnership with men under the law
Watergate Scandal Nixon new about a burglary of the offices of the Democratic National Headquarters in DC -this causes Nixon to resign
Ronald Reagan 40th President; ushered in the end of the Cold War; very popular pres.; Reaganomics, SDI, end of Iranian Hostage Crisis
Reaganomics If Americans had more money to spend, then the economy will improve; reduced government spending, income tax, & capital gains tax; control money supply to reduce inflation
Strategic Defense Initiative aka "Star Wars" initiative; Reagan's modernization of US forces; USSR couldn't keep up
Impeachment of Bill Clinton 2nd President to be impeached; charged with perjury and obstruction of justice; Senate acquitted him
9/11 terrorist attacks Islamic terrorists launched a series of attacks on US citizens; hit the World Trade Centers & Pentagon with airplanes; 3rd attack planned but derailed by people on flight
Patriot Act law allowed US government to hold suspected terrorist for 7 days without charging them & let law enforcement agencies search personal communications to try to limit future terror attacks
Barack Obama 44th president; D; 1st African-American pres.; Obamacare; Osama bin Ladin killed
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) church based program that used non-violent tactics to fight for civil rights
Created by: sdevans
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