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SS 5th Test #2

Social Studies Chapter 2

Ancestor An early family member
Theory An idea based on study and research.
Migration Movement of people.
Artifact Objects made by people
Civilization Group of people with ways of life, religion and learning.
Tradition A way of life or an idea that has been handed down from the past.
Class Group of people in a society who have something in common.
How did climate of Ice Age differ from today? It was colder and drier because so much of the Earth's water was trapped in huge glaciers and the Earth had more dry land.
How did Native Americans groups pass on their history? They told origin stories to future generations.
How did farming change life for people? Once people planted seeds it gave them a reason to settle in one place and populations grew.
How were Mayan and Olmec Civilizations alike? They were alike because they both developed their own writing system and both fell from power yet influenced other civilizations.
How were homes of Ancient Puebloans built? Their homes were built against canyon walls or in caves with many levels.
How did civilizations develop in Americas? Early people led a nomadic life and kept following the animals they hunted. Eventually they began to farm & build settlements.
What natural feature was important to the Olmec people of San Lorenzo? A river
How did the Maya preserve their history? They built over 100 stone cities
Why did Olmec use rivers as trade routes? To travel between cities more easily.
Cultural region An area which people share some ways of life.
How were men's and women's jobs divided in the Eastern Woodlands? Men hunted, made tools and cleared land for planting. Women prepared food, made clothes and planted seeds.
Division of Labor Made it possible for people to produce more goods.
Palisade Walls of tall wooden poles built around Iroquois villages to protect from enemies.
What was the Iroquois League? A confederation of members from each of the 5 tribes to speak for their group.
Longhouse Iroquois shelters made of long wooden poles that could hold up to 50 people.
Wampum Beads cut from seashells to make designs that showed important decisions, events or stores. Also traded/exchanged for goods.
Confederation A loose group of governments working together.
Wigwam Round, bark covered shelters built by the Algonquians.
How did the diet of the Algonquian differ from the Iroquois? Algonquian people fished while the Iroquois people hunted.
How did the geography/climate of Eastern Woodlands people affect the Native Americans? Geography of steep hills gave them protection from enemies and forests provided wood for tools & transport. Climate and soil were good for farming.
Why was living near the Atlantic Ocean important for the Algonquian people? Because fish was their largest food source.
Why did the Iroquois groups choose to come together and form the Iroquois League? So that they could settle arguments among the five tribes people peacefully.
Lodge Large round earthen homes made by the Central Plains people.
Sod Layer of soil held together by the roots of grasses.
Tepee A cone shaped tent made of wooden poles and buffalo skin by the Central Plains people.
Travois A device made of two wooden poles fastened to a dog harness used to carry goods.
Scarce In short supply
Council A group of leaders who meet to make decisions.
Ceremony A celebration to honor a cultural or religious event.
What different ways was buffalo meat prepared? Raw, cooked or mixed with berries to make Pemmican and stored.
How were Central Plains Indians both farmers and hunters? They grew crops, gathered plants and hunted deer, elk and buffalo.
Why did people of Great Plains have a nomadic way of life? Because they moved from place to place following the buffalo.
How were the governments of the Lakota and Cheyenne different? The Lakota made their own choices while the Cheyenne sent their leaders to a council and they had to follow the council's decisions.
How did geography & climate of the Plains affect the Native Americans? The geography of the grassy plains provided an abundance of buffalo & cliffs assisted in killing them. Some lived near fertile soil & were able to plant crops, while others used more of the buffalo as resource.
How did the Plains people use dogs? They used dogs with harnesses to transport goods.
Harpoon Long spear with sharp shell points.
Clan All members or extended family that live in the same longhouse.
Economy The way that people of a state, region or country use their resources to meet their needs.
Barter To exchange goods.
Potlatch Celebration meant to show wealth and divide property among the people.
Kayak One person canoe made of waterproof skins stretched over wood or bone.
Igloo House made of snow or ice.
How were the whale hunting methods of the Makah different than those of the Kwakiutl? The Makah hunted the whales at sea from boats while the Kwakiutl only captured whales that had been stranded at shore.
Why was wood important to the people of the NW coast? It provided the resource for houses, tools and boats.
How did shelters of the Aleut differ from those of the Inuit? The Aleut homes were made of whale bones and sod, while the Inuit were made of ice and snow or tents from animal skin.
How did the geography & climate of the Pac NW and Arctic affect the Native Americans there? The geography was mostly flat and stayed frozen year round. It gave them ice & snow to build shelters. It was cold most of the time, but the cool ocean breeze brought rain which helped the large trees they used to build tools and shelter to grow.
Why did Inuit tribes have to share food to survive? Resources were limited.
Created by: bordenbrood
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