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Module 18

What was the Geometric Theory? The view of the universe in which scholars believed that the earth was an immovable object located at the center of the universe and all other planets revolved around it
What was the new way of thinking based off of the natural world called? The Scientific Revolution
What was the Heliocentric Theory? The view that other planets orbit around the Sun
Who created the Geometric Theory? Greek philosopher Aristotle
Who created the Heliocentric Theory Nicolaus Copernicus
What is the Scientific Method? A logical procedure for gathering information about the natural world, in which experimentation and observation are used to test hypotheses
Who created the Scientific Method? Francis Bacon and René Descartes
Who published The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy in 1687? Isaac Newton
What was the Enlightenment? The new intellectual movement in the 1700s that stressed reason and thought and the power of the individuals to solve problems.
What was Thomas Hobbes' view on society and the government? Thomas Hobbes believed all people were cruel, greedy, and selfish and believed people should enter a social contract that gives up all of their rights to have an orderly society.
What was John Locke's views on society and the government People were born all equal and had the rights of life, liberty, and property. He believed the government was there to protect those rights, and if they failed their job the people could overthrow the government.
What was Voltaire's Enlightenment views? He fought for tolerance, reason, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech.
What was Baron de Montesquieu Enlightenment views? Believed the best way to protect liberty was a government with three balanced branches.
What was Jean-Jacques Rousseau Enlightenment views? Believed that each person have to sacrifice some personal freedoms for the good of society. Believe the only good government is one which is formed by the general will of the people.
What was Cesare Bonesana Beccaria's Enlightenment views? Believed that law exists to preserve social order, not to avenge crimes. Beccaria wanted speedy trials and punishment that fit for the crimes.
What was Mary Wollstonecraft's Enlightenment views? Believed that men and women should have equal education opportunities so women could fully participate in public life.
What were salons? Social gatherings where people discussed ideas and enjoyed art
What was the neoclassical style of art? A simple and elegant style of art.
What was the classical style of music? A more lighter and elegant style of music.
Who published the first Encyclopedia? Denis Diderot
Created by: maxinec



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