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Reading vocab- Hist

QuestionAnswer
XYZ affair diplomatic incident in 1708 in which americans were outraged by the demand of the french for a bribe as a condition for negotiating with american diplomats
Quasi-War an undeclared war b/t U.S. and France
Alien and Sedition Acts three acts passed by congress that made it harder for new immigrants to vote and made it a crime to criticize the president or congress
Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions resolutions written by Thomas Jefferson & James Madison that criticized the alien and sedition acts and asserted the rights of states to declare federal law null and void within state
Republicanism a complex, changing body of ideas, values, and assumptions that developed in the US around Jefferson's and Madison's political campaigns for presidency
Tariff a tax on imports into any nation
Midnight Judges a name the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans gave to those judges appointed by the outgoing Federalists president Adams at the end of his term
Marbury vs. Madison supreme court decision of 1803 that created the precedent of judicial review by ruling part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 as unconstitutional
Judicial Review power implied in the constitution that gives federal courts the right to review and determine the constitutionality of acts passed by congress and state legislatures
Wall of separation b/t church and state a phrase coined by Jefferson to make clear his belief that the first amendment to the constitution guaranteed that governments shouldn't interfere w/ work of churches, and church shouldn't interfere w/ or expect support from the gov.
Religious establishment name given to the state church or to the creation of an established church that might play a role in and expect support and loyalty from all citizens
Diest one who has a religious orientation that rejects divine revelation and hold that the working of nature alone reveal God's design for the universe
Second Great Awakening a serious of religious revivals in the first half of the 1800s characterized by great emotionalism in large public meetings
Created by: Maitlandcm17