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History Rivas

Unit 2 vocab

Election of 1860 Republican Abraham Lincoln defeated Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge
Election of 1864 Abraham Lincoln was re-elected as president
Election of 1868 In the first election of the Reconstruction Era, Republican nominee Ulysses S. Grant defeated Democrat Horatio Seymour.
Election of 1876/Compromise of 1877 was an informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era
total war a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued, especially one in which the laws of war are disregarded.
54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Scalawag Carpetbagger The term “carpetbaggers” refers to Northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War, during Reconstruction. Scalawags were white Southerners who cooperated politically with black freedmen and Northern newcomers.
13th-15th Amendment Civil War Amendments, were designed to ensure equality for recently emancipated slaves.
Jefferson Davis Jefferson Davis (1808–1889) was the first and only President of the Confederate States of America.
Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United States; saved the Union during the American Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 – July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869. Johnson assumed the presidency as he was Vice President of the United States at the time of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
Fort Sumter where the first battle of the Civil War began on April 12, 1861
Sherman's march A movement of the Union army troops of General William Tecumseh Sherman from Atlanta, Georgia, to the Georgia seacoast, with the object of destroying Confederate supplies.
End of the Civil War The Civil War in the United States began in 1861, The War Between the States, as the Civil War was also known, ended in Confederate surrender in 1865.
radical republican "Radicals" with a sense of a complete permanent eradication of slavery and secession-ism, without compromise.
emancipation proclamation was an executive order issued on January 1, 1863, by President Lincoln freeing slaves in all portions of the United States
Sharecropping/Convict Leasing system of penal labor practiced in the Southern United States. Convict leasing provided prisoner labor to private parties, such as plantation owners and corporations.The lessee was responsible for feeding, clothing, housing the prisoners.
Reconstruction/Radical Reconstruction Reconstruction in 1877. ... Radicals led efforts after the war to establish civil rights for former slaves and fully implement emancipation.
freedmen an emancipated slave.
Impeachment the action of calling into question the integrity or validity of something.
10% plan Lincoln's blueprint for Reconstruction included the Ten-Percent Plan,southern state could be readmitted into the Union once 10 percent of its voters (from the voter rolls for the election of 1860) swore an oath of allegiance to the Union.
Compromise of 1820/1850 Compromise of 1850. A set of laws, passed in the midst of fierce wrangling between groups favoring slavery and groups opposing it, that attempted to give something to both sides.
Kansas/Nebraska Act The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 allowed citizens in the Kansas and Nebraska territories to decide locally whether to allow slavery. The act was modeled on the Compromise of 1850 but repealed both that compromise and the Missouri Compromise of 1820.
Bleeding Kansas a series of violent civil confrontations in the United States between 1854 and 1861 which emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas.
Dred Scott v. Sandford Sandford, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on March 6, 1857, ruled (7–2) that a slave (Dred Scott) who had resided in a free state and territory (where slavery was prohibited)
Popular Sovereignty principle that the authority of a state and its government are created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives, who are the source of all political power.
Stephen Douglas United States politician who proposed that individual territories be allowed to decide whether they would have slavery; he engaged in a famous series of debates with Abraham Lincoln (1813-1861)
Created by: andrerichard