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Chapter 11

The Byzantine Empire, Russia and Eastern Europe

relic a holy object
saint a person who follows God's way
barbaric not civilized
patriarch a leader of the church
icon a small picture of a saint or Jesus
monk a member of a religious order
Cyrillic alphabet the alphabet invented by Cyril and Methodius and used to translate the Bible into Slavic languages
boyar a Russian noble who owned land
veche the Russian assembly that represented all free, adult male citizens
Kremlin the center of the Russian church and the Russian government
czar the ruler of Russia, a Russian title that means "caesar"
literature the written works that have lasting influence
Pope the head of the Roman Catholic Church
Hippodrome similar to Rome's Colosseum, chariot races were held in it
Constantinople the capital of the Byzantine Empire (the Eastern Roman Empire), a Christian city, Justinian built 3 walls around it
Hagia Sophia built by Justinian, it is one of the world's most beautiful churches, colored marble was used for the walls, floors and pillars
Created by: jyoung02
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