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Chapter 10

The High and Late Middle Ages

Holy Land Palestine, the area where Jesus of Nazareth lived
Pilgrim a person who travels to visit a holy place
Muslim a follower of Islam, the religion that Muhammad founded in Arabia in the 7th century
Schism a permanent separation
Crusade any of the military journeys taken by Christians to win the Holy Land from the Muslims
Feudalism a political and military system based on the holding of land
Lord a king or a noble who gave land to someone else
Vassal a person who received land from a king or noble
Fief the land and peasants who farmed it, which a lord gave to a vassal
Page a young noble who learned certain behaviors to become a knight
Squire a 15-year-old page who learned how to ride a gorse and use weapons to become a knight
Manor the part of a fief that peasants farm to support the lord's family
Blacksmith a person who works with iron and makes tools and weapons
Serf a peasant who was bound to the land and whose life was controlled by the lord of the manor
Moat a dug-out area filled with water that circles a castle
Drawbridge a bridge that can be raised or lowered over a moat
Courtyard a large open area inside the castle walls
Joust a contest between two knights carrying lances and riding horses
Bishop a priest who is in charge of other priests and a number of churches
Romanesque a style of building that was like what the Romans built with thick walls and arches
Gothic a style of architecture with thin walls, pointed arches, many windows and flying buttresses
Parliament the English council or lawmaking assembly
Created by: jyoung02
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