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social studies

unit two lessons 1,2,3, and,4 (not working on now)

TermDefinition
carthage a important Phoenician trading post in north Africa
Judah the southern region of Israel that became its own kingdom after the death of Solomon
Jerusalem the capitol of the kingdom of Israel
Israel Jewish kingdom founded by David around 1000 b.c. ; a country in south western Asia
Canaan Eastern Mediterranean land in which Abraham resettled in about 1800 b.c.
code of Hammurabi a set of laws established by Hammurabi
conquest the defeat of another group
plateau an area of high flat land
city-state a city that is an individual unit complete with its own form of government and traditions
region an area on earth with common physical features
Shulgi c. 2100 b.c. king of the Sumerian dynasty of Ur who was also the son of Ur-Nammu
civilization a group of people who have a complex and organized society within a culture
covenant an agreement
Babylon a city-state in Mesopotamia
fertile rich, as in soil
dynasty a ruling family
scribe a professional writer
plain an area of flat land
conquer to defeat
synagogue a Jewish place of worship
artisan a craft person such as a potter or a weaver
monotheism the worship of only one god
polytheism the worship of many gods
irrigation a system of transporting water to crops
Ur, Lagash, Umma, Kish, and Nippur early city-states in mesopotamia
Solomon c. 1000 b.c. son of David and king of Israel
Mesopotamia an area of flat land between the rivers and Euphrates rivers where one of the first civilizations emerged
Uruk a large Sumerian city-state in Mesopotamia
Sumer a powerful city-state in southern Mesopotamia
barter to exchange one kind of good or service for another
Judaism the monotheistic religion founded by Abraham
Torah the first five books of the Hebrew bible
descendant a person born later in the same family
Assyria region at the foot of the Zagros mountains in the upper Tigris river valley
Ur-Nammu 2200b.c. -2100b.c. Sumerian king who founded the last and most successful dynasty of Ur
Enheduanna c. 2330 b.c. daughter of Sargon and was appointed the high priestess of Ur
ziggurat a huge pyramid shaped structure consisting of a series of stacked rectangular platforms
cuneiform a form of wedge shaped writing used in ancient times
Deborah c. 1200 b.c. female Hebrew judge who encouraged a military leader to gather the peoples of Israel to attack the Canaanites
moses 1400 b.c. - 1200 b.c. Hebrew prophet and teacher who led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt and received the ten commandments from god
Nebuchadnezzar 2 630 b.c. - 562 b.c. Chaldean dynasty king of Babylon who took overmuch of the former Assyrian empire and ordered massive building projects
Ashurbanipal reign 668 b.c. - 627 b.c. king of Assyria from 668 b.c. to 627 b.c. when it was at its largest and most powerful
society an organized community with established rules and traditions
slavery the practice of one person owning another person
Nineveh the capitol of the Assyrian empire and the site of a great library under king Ashurbanipal
Gilgamesh c. 2700 b.c. Sumerian king whose adventures were recorded in the Epic of Gilgamesh
Sargon 2400 b.c. -2300 b.c. Akkadian king who united all of the city-states of Mesopotamia under his rule, forming the world's first empire
Hammurabi 1810 b.c. -1750 b.c. king of Babylon who came to rule all of Mesopotamia and established a written code of laws known as the "code of Hammurabi"
David 1030 b.c. - 965 b.c. second king of Israel who unified the kingdom of Israel
Abraham c. 1800 b.c. a shepherd living in Ur who is considered to by Jewish people to be the first Jew
empire a large territory consisting of many places under the control of single ruler
ten commandments a set of laws that provides guidance for the worship of god and rules for moral behavior
Akkad a city-state in northern Mesopotamia, the ruler of which conquered all of the city-states of Mesopotamia and formed the world's first empire
Fertile Crescent a curved region with rich soil in the middle east where one of the first civilizations developed
Babylonia an empire that included all of Mesopotamia as well as some neighboring city-states
divine kingship the right to rule was god given
Created by: izzy255
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