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Module 15 Ss

the shift, beginning in England during the 18th century, from making goods by hand to making them by machine. Industrial Revolution
one of the fenced-in or hedged-in fields created by wealthy British landowners on land that was formerly worked by village farmers. Enclosure
the system of growing a different crop in a field each year to preserve the fertility of the land. Crop rotation
the development of industries for the machine production of goods. Industrialization
the resources—including land, labor, and capital—that are needed to produce goods and services. Factors of production
a large building in which machinery is used to manufacture goods. Factory
a person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business. Entrepreneur
painted lifelike figures decorated the Arena Chapel created an illusion of depth Giotto
wrote the Divine Comedy Beatrice was his muse filled poems with real people wrote in the venacular Dante Alighieri
wrote poems and letters wrote in Italian and Latin in Italian he wrote sonnets to women in Latin he wrote letters to friends imitated Cicero in his writing and gave it simplicity and purity first humanist Francesco Petrarch
autobiographies and self portraits 2 new art forms
wrote "the Courtier" Baldassare Castiglione
ruled Florence from behind the scenes did not own a political office first to build the first free public library Cosimo de Medici
trade and banking things the Medici made a fortune in
most honored woman for her art collection; exercised real political power Isabella d'Este
textiles and banking what 2 industries gave florentines wealth?
known as Lorenzo the Magnificent grandson of Cosimo beautified the city Lorenzo de Medici
created 2 pairs of bronze doors for the Bapistry Lorenzo Ghiberti
1) Ghiberti 2) Brunelleschi 3) Donatello 4) Masaccio 4 geniuses of Florence's golden age
worked on the cathedral of Florence had the idea of a dome Brunelleschi
revolutionized sculpture; created real alive free-standing "David" famous for heroic statues of men on horseback Donatello
used "perspective" "father of modern painting" Masaccio
wrote "the prince" wrote about politics had the idea that most people are selfish and corrupt Machiavelli
surrendered to King Charles VIII and then forced into exile by Florentines Piero de Medici
Leonardo, Raphael Santi, Michelangelo 3 artists that lifted renaissance to brilliance
Created by: nicc456