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Westward Expansion

California gold rush period were thousands of people went west to search for gold.
cattle drive when cowboys guided huge herds of cattle north to new railroads lines extending across The great plains.
pony express business that delivered mail from Missouri to California in just ten days.
Telegraph invention that sent messages along wires using electricity.
samuel B. Morse developed a way to send telegraph messages.
Transcontinental railroad a railroad across the continent linking the Eastern united states to the Western united states.
central pacific began building train track east from Sacramento California. most workers where Chinese immigrants.
Promontory point place in Utah where the union pacific met the central pacific and connected the transcontinental railroad
Chinese Immigrants made up almost 80% of the central pacific workers
union pacific began building train track west from Omaha, most workers were Irish immigrants.
red cloud told union pacific workers they were scaring away the buffalo.
Gen William tecumsah sherman warned the native Americans that nothing would stop the building of the railroads.
Homestead Act of 1862 law offered free land to american citizens and immigrants who where willing to start new farms on the great plains had to be a man 21 or older or woman who was head of the family. got up to 160 acres of land. paid about $10 and agreed to farm and live
Homestead Act of 1862 on the land for at least 5 years.
homesteaders settlers who claimed land though the homestead Act.
sod house (soddy) houses made from sod (soil) on the great plains.
sodbusters the name for farmers on the great plains.
pioneers new settlers.
exodusters thousands of African american pioneers who moved to the great plains and started communities.
Nicodemus Kansas a successful community started by exodusters.
technology the use of new ideas to make tools that improve people's lives.
entrepreneur a person who starts a new business hoping to make a profit.
levi strauss began making pants out of blue denim that were sturdy and didn't tear - the first blue jeans
reservation area of land set aside for Native Americans.
abridge to take away or shorten
insurrection rebellion against your own country.
due process all the steps taken to preserve the rights of citizens
naturalization to give the rights being a citizen to someone not born in the US
obligation a promise, contract, or sense of duty.
Created by: 00057234