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Social Studies

4th grade Chapter 3 Ohio

Why did people move from Asia to North America? They followed the herds of mammoths and mastodons for food
How did early people get to North America? A land bridge called Beringia
What does extinct mean? To die out
How do we know things about early Ohioans? By studying their artifacts
Scientists who study artifacts are called what? Archeologists
What does history mean? The written story of the past
What does prehistory mean? Time before written history
Why did the first people of Ohio move from place to place? They were searching for food
The first people traveled in groups called what? Bands
What happened after the Ice Age? Big animals died out
What did the hunter-gathers gather? Walnuts, hickory nuts, black cherries, berries, and seeds
What is an atlatl? A wooden stick used to throw a spear
What was flint used for? For making tools and stone points
What were animal bones and antlers used for? Tools, arrow heads, fishhooks, and sewing needles
After the Ice Age, what kind of animals were hunted by the small animal hunters? Deer, bears, rabbits, and wild turkeys
Since they weren't following the big animals, the people were not required to what as often? What did they form? Move. They formed homes and villages.
How was fish kept fresh?
How did the people preserve grain?
What did the Great Serpent Mound look like? A large snake with an egg in its mouth
What was a Mound Builder? Native Americans who built mounds
Who were the three groups of mound builders in Ohio? Adena, Hopewell, and Fort Ancient
What does culture mean? A way of life for a group of people
What is something from our culture? 4th of July
Where did the Adena build their mounds? Along rivers in central and southern Ohio
What kind of homes did the Adena build? Round homes covered with bark or woven grass
What was the new skill that the Adena learned? Farming
Name some crops grown by the Adena. Pumpkins, squash, and sunflowers
Since the Adena did not have to travel, they could make bigger what? Tools
Adena built the largest mound in Ohio called what? Miamisburg Mound
What did the Adena use the mounds for? Burial mounds and religious ceremonies
After the Adena came who? Hopewell
The Hopewell traveled great distances to what? Barter
How did the Hopewell travel?
The Hopewells were the first to what? Grow corn
Name the mound built by the Hopewell. Fort Ancient
How did the Hopewells build the mounds? In the shapes of circles, squares, and octagons
At Fort Ancient, there is a slit in the wall. What was it used for? A calendar
A religious leader is called what? Shaman
The third group of mound builders is who? Fort Ancient
It is believed that the Fort Ancients were the first to hunt with what? Bows and arrows
It is believed that the Fort Ancient people built what?
Created by: schmaltzla



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