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2020 HISTORY Early E

UNIT 2: Early Explorers (Vikings, Prince Henry, Columbus)

explorer (**be able to spell**) a person who travels over little-known lands or seas for the purpose of discovery
legend a story coming down from the past, told from one generation to the next.
merchant (**be able to spell**) one who buys & sells goods for a living
cartography the making of maps
navigation (**be able to spell**) plotting the course of a ship & locating its position
caravel a long, slender ship with high billowing sails
Christ-bearer Christopher Columbus' name in Latin
Francisco de Bobadilla replaced Columbus as Governor & had Columbus placed in chains
ambush (**be able to spell**) to attack by surprise from a hidden place
Amerigo Vespucci Italian explorer for whom America is named
Did Columbus know that he had found a New World? No, he thought he was in the East Indies (islands off the coast of Japan, China, & India)
Why did merchants want to find a shorter trade route to Asia? What were some of the dangers? Travel by land was very dangerous & took a long time. Dangers included shifting desert sands & high mountain passes. Thieves attacked & sudden storms at sea destroyed many ships.
Why did Spanish monarchs refuse to give Columbus money the first time he asked? Spain was at war with the Moors so they could not afford to help Columbus.
Who eventually paid for Columbus' voyage? King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella of Spain eventually paid for Columbus' voyages.
How did the natives react to Columbus in the beginning? The natives were friendly at first, but they later attacked & killed many of Columbus' men in self-defense.
What were areas of sin for Christopher Columbus? Give example(s) from our readings. Columbus struggled with pride, greed, & anger. He was often stubborn & selfish. {Remember to support your answers from our readings.}
Was Columbus a good governor of Espanola? No, he mistreated the natives, & was more concerned about gold than about people. Although he was a good explorer, he was not a very good leader of people.
What were the names of Columbus' 3 ships? (his first voyage) His ships were the Nina, the Pinta, & the Santa Maria.
Who is believed to be the first European to set foot on the North American coast? Approximately what year? Leif Erikson, a Viking, is thought to be the first European to reach the North American coast around the year 1000.
What does "San Salvador" mean? see TLTG
What does "La Navidad" mean? see TLTG
Columbus was from what country? King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella ruled over what country? Columbus was from Italy. Ferdinand & Isabella ruled over Spain.
Was Columbus a "Christ-Bearer" even though he sinned? Yes, he was a "Christ-Bearer". Even though he allowed the search for gold to become more important to him than telling the Indians about Jesus, he never lost his faith in Christ. Even though we fall short, God can still use us to accomplish His purposes.
What evidence did we read about that might indicate that King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella were Christians? see TLTG & AYAT
year of Columbus' first voyage to America; total number of voyages Columbus made to America 1492; 4 voyages
Also remember class discussions.
Created by: pcsteacher5


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