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UNIT 2: Early Explorers (Vikings, Prince Henry, Columbus)

explorer a person who travels over little-known lands or seas for the purpose of discovery
legend a story coming down from the past, told from one generation to the next.
merchant one who buys & sells goods for a living
cartography the making of maps
navigation plotting the course of a ship & locating its position
caravel a long, slender ship with high billowing sails
Christ-bearer Christopher Columbus' name in Latin
Francisco de Bobadilla replaced Columbus as Governor & had Columbus placed in chains
ambush to attack by surprise from a hidden place
Amerigo Vespucci Italian explorer for whom America is named
Did Columbus know that he had found a New World? No, he thought he was in the East Indies (islands off the coast of Japan, China, & India)
Who replaced Columbus as Governor & had Columbus placed in chains? Why was Columbus placed in chains? Francisco de Bobadilla replaced Columbus as governor & had him placed in chains. Columbus would not allow Bobadilla to take control of Espanola, even though the King & Queen had given the order.
What did archaeologists find that links the Vikings to Newfoundland? They found several tools & a tool used to spin wool into yarn. They also found remains of Norwegian (Viking) style homes, & Viking coins.
Why did merchants want to find a shorter trade route to Asia? Travel by land was very dangerous & took a long time.
Columbus decided to sail which way to reach the Indies? What ocean did he cross? He decided to sail west. He crossed the Atlantic Ocean. (At that time, it was called "The Ocean Sea".)
Why did Spanish monarchs refuse to give Columbus money the first time he asked? Spain was at war with the Moors so they could not afford to help Columbus.
Who eventually paid for Columbus' voyage? King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella of Spain eventually paid for Columbus' voyages.
Where did Columbus land? He landed on an island in the Bahamas & he named it San Salvador ("Holy Savior")
What was the name of this first settlement? The first settlement was named, "La Navidad" (The Nativity). It was located on the island of Espanola.
What title was Columbus given? Columbus was given the title, "Admiral of the Ocean Sea" & was also given the title of Governor.
What were some of the myths during this time that made sailors fearful? Many people thought the earth was flat & that they would fall off if they sailed too far from land. They also believed that sea monsters would harm them & their ships.
How did the natives react to Columbus in the beginning? The natives were friendly at first, but they later attacked & killed many of Columbus' men in self-defense.
What were areas of sin for Christopher Columbus? Columbus struggled with pride, greed, & anger. He was often stubborn & selfish.
Was Columbus a good governor of Espanola? No, he mistreated the natives, & was more concerned about gold than about people. Although he was a good explorer, he was not a very good leader of people.
What were the names of Columbus' 3 ships? (his first voyage) His ships were the Nina, the Pinta, & the Santa Maria.
Who is believed to be the first European to set foot on the North American coast? Leif Erikson, a Viking, is thought to be the first European to reach the North American coast.
Created by: pcsteacher5