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Westward Expansion

California Gold Rush period where thousands of people went west to search for gold
Cattle Drive when cowboys guided huge herds of cattle North to new railroad lines extending across The Great Plains
Pony Express business that delivered mail from Missouri to California in just 10 days
Telegraph invention that sent messages along wires using electricity
Samuel B. Morse developed a way to send telegraph messages
Transcontinental Railroad a railroad across the continent linking the Eastern United States with the Western United States
Union Pacific began building train track west form Omaha. Most workers were Irish immigrants
Central Pacific began building train track east form Sacramento, California. Most workers were Chinese immigrants
Chinese Immigrants made up almost 80% of the Central Pacific workers
Red Cloud told Union Pacific workers they were scaring away the buffalo
General William Tecumseh Sherman Warned the Native Americans that nothing would stop the building of the railroads
Homestead Act Of 1862 law that offered free land to American citizens and immigrants who were willing to start new farms on the great plains -Had to be a man 21 or older or a woman who was head of the family, got up to 160 acres of land, paid about $10, and lived there 5years
Sod House(Soddy) house made form sod(soil) on the great plains
sodbusters the name for farmers on the great plains
pioneers new settlers
exodusters thousands of African American pioneers who moved to the great plains and started communities
Nicodemus, Kansas a successful community started by exodusters
technology the use of new ideas to make tools that improve people's lives
entrepreneur a person who starts a new business hoping to make a profit
Levi Strausss began making pants out of blue denim that were sturdy and didn't tear-the first blue jeans
Reservation area of land set aside for Native Americans
Sitting Bull chief of the Lakota tribe in the black hills in South Dakota
Col. George Custer led the 7th Cavalry on a mission to defeat the Lakota and force them onto a new Reservation
Battle of Little Bighorn battle in which Crazy Horse helped lead the Lakota to victory against the U.S. forces
Chief Joseph A Nez Perce' chief who led his people to Canadian border to avoid moving to a reservation
Created by: 00026391