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Unit 7 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Communism workers will overthrow the capitalist economy and create a dictatorship where everyone will share the means of production and be equal (extreme form of socialism)
Socialism economic theory under which the means of production are publicly controlled and regulated rather than owned by individuals
Red Scare fear that communists were working the destroy capitalism and the American way of life
Eighteenth Amendment passed 1919; prohibited alcohol; result of temperance movement & anti-German sentiment from WWI
Nineteenth Amendment passed 1920; right to vote for women
Henry Ford developed the Model T & Ford Motor Company; made cars affordable through use of assembly line & mass production
Mass Production production of goods in large numbers through the use of machinery and assembly lines
Advertising nationwide campaigns launched to sell things like cars and new houses; people think they "need" new things instead of "wanting" them
Consumerism large-scale buying; much of it on credit (buy now, pay later)
Mass Media began after WWI - commercial radio and movies became unifying force in the national culture
Radio broadcasts of music, stories, sports, and news were nationwide creating a stronger national, rather than regional, identity; mass marketing; branding
Movies egan as silent films; 1920s added sound; entertainment industry so popular it influenced national culture.
National Culture people want to be like stars - clothes, products, activities.
Jazz first true form of American music; born in Deep South out of musical traditions of slaves; Duke Ellington & Louis Armstrong
Harlem Renaissance first significant movement from Black culture; originated in Harlem, NYC - Literature, music, art, and dance all produced
Modernist Movement artistic movement of 1920s; abstract paintings and art deco movement
Langston Hughes Harlem Renaissance poet that used rhythms of Black music and free verse
Overproduction Supply surplus; USA had more goods than consumers because European countries in recession = no market overseas.
Underconsumption people quit spending money on "wants" and only bought necessities after market crashed; slowed down economy
Stock Market Crash of 1929 caused by “Get Rich Quick” attitudes of stock speculators; buyers borrowed money then had no way to pay back so sold off stocks ; mass selling led to crash in October 1929
Great Depression period from 1929-1941 where US economy faltered and unemployment soared
Dust Bowl drought suffered in Great Plains during the 1930s; led to dust storms and large group of people moving west to California in search of fertile land
Unemployment people who are actively searching for a job but cannot find one; out of work
Hoovervilles houses created by packing crates & cardboard boxes during Great Depression by homeless people
President Franklin D. Roosevelt 32nd president from 1932-1945; democrat; led nation through Great Depression with New Deal programs that greatly expanded size of national government
New Deal FDR's plan for relief, recovery, and reform during Great Depression
Social Security Act Second New Deal program; old-age pensions, unemployment insurance, and aid to the disabled
Second New Deal FDR's plan to help people who did not benefit from first New Deal programs (elderly, minorities, etc)
Eleanor Roosevelt FDR's wife; 1st First Lady of US to speak out about social issues; advocate for minorities, the poor, and women
Public Works Administration (PWA) New Deal agency that provided millions of jobs constructing public buildings, airports, dams, and bridges
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) New Deal Program; provided young men with jobs on environmental conservation projects
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) New Deal agency created to build dams in Tennessee River to control flooding and generate electric power
Federal Deposits Insurance Corporation (FDIC) provided insurance on bank accounts; created to restore confidence in banks
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulates the stock market; meant to limit speculation and prevent another crash
Created by: edaughtrey