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Unit 6

US History -Standard 13-15

Imperialism a policy of extending a country's power through diplomacy or force
Spanish-American War fought between Spain and US; Spain granted Cuba independence and ceded the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to the US; Philippines given to US for $20 million
Yellow Journalism/Press US press exaggerating facts about conditions in Cuba to turn people against Spain
USS Maine American battleship sunk off the coast of Cuba; killed 250 Americans; became rallying cry for war with Spain
"The Rough Riders" US Army group led by Theodore Roosevelt during Spanish-American War; helped lead a small, untrained army to victory in Cuba
Philippine-American War USA defeats guerrilla forces and Philippines become American territory from 1902-1946 when Filipino independence occurs
Panama Canal Connected the Atlantic to the Pacific; shortened the travel time by ship between the East and West coast of the U.S.; building was begun by President Teddy Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt 26th US president; Republican; imperialist who practiced Big Stick Diplomacy and added the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine; established national parks; progressive reformer (Pure Food & Drug Act) against big business
Roosevelt Corollary addition to Monroe Doctrine: Europeans not welcome in Western Hemisphere & US will intervene in Latin American countries to prevent takeover; angered Latin Americans who did not think they needed protection
"Big Stick Diplomacy" “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far.” Negotiate then use military force in necessary.
World War I aka The Great War. War that broke out on the European continent that spread across the world at the beginning of the 21st century
Neutrality refusal to choose sides on a conflict; stance US took at the outbreak of World War I in Europe
Woodrow Wilson 28th US President; Democrat; president during World War I & peace negotiations after; centralized American economy & increased government's wartime powers
Allies (WWI) alliance between France, Russia, Great Britain, & eventually US in WWI
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare form of fighting practiced by Germany; expanded submarine attacks from strictly Allied warships to also include any commercial ships belonging to belligerent (fighting) and neutral (not fighting) nations.
Lusitania British cruise liner with 128 Americans aboard sunken by a German u-boat
Zimmerman Telegram telegram sent from Germany to Mexico encouraging Mexico to attack US & regain territory lost in Mexican-American War; intercepted; one of the reasons for US entry into World War I
Liberty Bonds loans to the government from American people used to finance World War I; accounted for 2/3 of war funds
Espionage Act Made it a crime to communicate any information that would interfere with U.S. military operations or aid its enemies.
Eugene Debs Socialist Presidential candidate that was arrested on June 30, 1918 for making a series of speeches against the war urging American men not to fight
Great Migration more than 1 million African Americans moved from the South to Northern cities, where they could find jobs in manufacturing
Fourteen Points Wilson’s design to create lasting peace in the world; guiding point for negotiations for the Treaty of Versailles
League of Nations An international peacekeeping organization proposed by Wilson and established after World War I; the US never joined
Treat of Versailles ended World War I; never approved by the US
Isolationism The practice of keeping your nation separate from international relationships (alliances, etc.); reason US didn't join League of Nations
Created by: sdevans