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Westward Migration


adaptation to change something (environment) so it suits your needs
barbed wire spiked metal fencing used to close the open range (to keep cattle contained) at a low cost; a source of range wars
Battle of Wounded Knee major war on the Great Plains - 150 Lakota Indians (men, women, and children) were killed by Federal (U.S.) troops - often called “the massacre of Wounded Knee" - Indians lost the battle to U.S. Troops
Chief Joseph leader of the Nez Perce Indian tribe; led his people to freedom in Canada - Famous quote is: “I will fight no More Forever" - he died of natural causes living on a reservation
Chisholm Trail established by Jesse Chishom for cattle drives from San Antonio, Texas, to Abilene, Kansas
dry farming a method of farming which allowed farmers on the Great Plains to grow certain crops (such as wheat) with less water
exoduster a large group of settlers (Southern African Americans) who went to the West in late 1800s
expansion to expand or broaden
General George Custer fought Sitting Bull and the Sioux Indians for Black Hills gold - died in the Battle of Little Bighorn (Custer’s Last Stand)
Geronimo an Apache Indian warrior who was admired for his ability to escape the U.S. soldiers - he surrendered in 1886, was captured, and died in captivity
The Great Plains vast grassland that gently slopes from East to West - located in the states of Montana, North and South Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas and New Mexico
The Homestead Act a law passed in 1862 to encourage settlement in the West - the government gave 160 acres of land to farmers if they agreed to live on it for 5 years
invention something new or new technology used to adapt environment to suit the pioneers’ needs
Battle of Little Bighorn worst defeat of U.S. Army in the West and killed General Custer - it was the Sioux tribe’s last victory led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse against General Custer - fighting over gold in the Black Hills
migration the movement of people from one region to another
policy laws, treaties, or rules
reservations Federal lands set aside for American Indians - they were forced to live on them
Sitting Bull Sioux leader in Black Hills/Dakota Territory - led his people into the Battle of Little Bighorn (victory) - killed by police during a Ghost Dance
sod homes homes of the Great Plains - built using bricks of dried grass/dirt
sodbuster name given to farmers on the Great Plains and the plows they used to break up the tough sod
steel plow invention used in the Great Plains to bust up the ground (sod) so farmers could use the soil for farming
Transcontinental Railroad railroad that crossed the continental United States connecting the East to the West
treaty an agreement between the government and another group
windmill technology used in plains to help pull water from the ground to irrigate the dry soil.
Created by: jbonini