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Foreign Policy A country’s policies towards other countries.
Spanish-American War Fought on two fronts—the Pacific and the Caribbean. At the end American forces were left in occupation of the Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Guam.
Joseph Pulitzer Owned a newspaper known as New York World, in which stories were sensationalized leading to the Spanish-American War
William Randolph Hearst Owned a newspaper known as New York Journal, in which stories were sensationalized leading to the Spanish-American War
Yellow Journalism Deliberately sensationalizing the news in order to sell more newspapers.
De Lome Letter a letter in which the Spanish ambassador called President McKinley “weak”—it was published in newspapers and contributed to the Spanish-American War
USS Maine A navy ship that was sent to Cuba to protect the lives and property of Americans. It was sunk by an explosion that the newspapers blamed on Spain, pushing the US further toward war.
Theodore Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy in 1898, he raised a volunteer force, known as the “Rough Riders” who helped defeat Spanish forces in Cuba.
Imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
Alfred Thayer Mahan Was America’s leading advocate for imperial expansion. Argued that in order to achieve world power a country required a powerful navy, colonies, and naval bases.
Platt Amendment Gave the United States the right to intervene in Cuban affairs at any time.
Queen Liliuokalani The native ruler of Hawaii in the 1890s. She attempted to take political power back from American landowners, but failed and was overthrown in 1893
Sanford B. Dole He led the provisional government in Hawaii after the queen was overthrown. He served as president of Hawaii until the US finally voted to annex. His family developed the Dole pineapple company
John Hay .US Secretary of State that created the “Open Door” Policy for trade with China
Open Door Policy A US policy giving equal trading rights to all foreign nations in China
Boxer Rebellion A group of Chinese opposing Western influence in China threatened the lives of foreigners living in China. An international army, including the US, crushed the rebellion.
Panama Canal President Roosevelt helped Panamanians rebel against Colombia in exchange for a 10 mile strip of land on which to build the canal. It took 10 years to build.
Big Stick Policy Roosevelt barred European countries from using force to collect debts from countries in Central America. He became the “world’s policeman” saying he would “walk softly but carry a big stick”
Dollar Diplomacy President Taft’s use of American investment ($) to promote American foreign policy goals
“Watchful Waiting” President Wilson adopted this policy in response to the new rebel government that had seized power through revolution in Mexico.
Pancho Villa Leader of the Mexican Rebels who evaded capture by US Military
Created by: The9tailedFox