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6 Hist Ch 3 BJU

TermDefinition
Akhenaton one pharaoh of the New Kingdom who tried to change the Egyptian beliefs
Amenhotep IV He later changed his name to Akhenaton, abandoned the old system of worship and begin worshiping only one god, Aton.
amulet a necklace or large ornament
baskets, boats, and rope three uses for papyrus
canopic jars special containers for the organs of a dead body
cartouche a name given to shenu symbols
delta a fan shaped area where a river ends
dynasty a line of kings or rulers who belong to the same family
Egypt an area of land in northeastern Africa known as "the Gift of the Nile"
food, water, and transportation three things the Nile river provided for the Egyptians
Great Pyramid the largest of the three pyramids in the valley of Giza which was built for the pharaoh Khufu
Hapi the nickname for the Nile
hieroglyphics ancient Egyptian writing or picture writing
Hyksos the people who took advantage of the neglected borders and swept into Egypt. They also introduced the Egyptians to horse-drawn chariots.
iron weapons gave the Assyrians the advantage to conquer the Kushites
Jean-Francois Champollion was the first to translate a portion of the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta stone
Kush land along the Nile River to the south of Egypt
Kushites after being conquered by the Egyptians this group adopted their culture and worshiped their gods
Meroitic and hieroglyphics two forms of writing the Kushites used
mummy a dead body that has been preserved from decaying
Nile River the longest river in the world; the water flows from south to north
nilometer a tool used to measure the Nile's water levels
ore deposits The Kushites discovered _____________________________ around the capital at Meroe.
papyrus paper made from the soft sponge-like center of a stem of a plant growing along the Nile
pharaohs rulers in Egypt
pyramids large tombs built by pharaohs with a rectangular base and four sloping triangular sides
Queen Hatshepsut first woman to be a ruler in Egypt
Rameses II the last of the strong pharoahs, who was also wise and kind to his subjects
Rosetta stone a large black stone used as the key for unlocking the Egyptian language
sarcophagus a stone coffin used for mummies
shadoof a long pole with a bucket on one end and a weight on the other
shenu hieroglyphs of a name written inside an oval shape
social pyramid the social structure of ancient Egypt that can be arranged in a triangle-shaped diagram
the Saraha desert and the Nile river two geographic features provided protection for Egypt against invaders
they used nearly all of the natural resources Why did the Kushite civilization decline?
Thutmose III the greatest Egyptian warrior king
Tutankhamen (King Tut) was only nine years old when he became pharaoh of Egypt; is famous for his tomb
Created by: Mrs_CC