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Unit Two

TermDefinition
New France Area colonized by France in North America
French and Indian War A conflict in North America, lasting from 1754-1763, that was a part of a worldwide struggle between France and Britain and that ended with the defeat of France and the transfer of French Canada to Britain
Fort Duquesne A French fort in Pennsylvania
William Pitt Chief minister to the king; hired German soldiers to fight the French
James Wolfe An English soldier; led the attack on Quebec and died during it
Treaty of Paris (1763) Britain took Florida from Spain (the supported France); Britain obtained all of the land east of the Mississippi except New Orleans
Pontiac (Obwandiyag) Odawa war chief; led Native Americans in a struggle against British military
Proclamation of 1763 An order in which Britain prohibited its American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
George Grenville England's treasury Lord
Sugar Act A trade law enacted by Parliament in 1764 in an attempt to reduce smuggling in the British colonies in North America
Stamp Act A 1765 law in which Parliament established the first direct taxation of goods and services within the British colonies in North America
Parliament The legislative body of England
Patrick Henry A leader of the American Revolution; a famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies
Sons of Liberty Organized by New England colonists and harassed stamp act officers
Stamp Act Congress Delegates from 9 colonies met to oppose the Stamp Act
Townshend Acts Tariffs were placed on colonists for tea, paper, glass, and coloring for paints
Boston Massacre A clash between British soldiers and Boston colonists in 1773 to protest the Tea Act
Committees of Correspondence One of the groups set up by American colonists to exchange information about British threats to their liberties
Boston Tea Party The dumping of 18,000 pounds of tea into Boston Harbor by colonists in 1773 to protest the Tea Act
Intolerable Acts A series of laws enacted by Parliament in 1774 to punish Massachusetts colonists for the Boston Tea Party
First Continental Congress September 1774, delegates from 12 colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts
Minuemen Patriot civilian soldiers just before and during the Revolutionary War, pledge to be ready to fight at a minute's notice
Battle of Lexington Initiated the Revolutionary War
Battle of Concord Initiated the Revolutionary War
Second Continental Congress The Continental Congress that convened in May 1775, approved the Declaration of Independence, and served as the only agency of national government during the Revolutionary War
Continental Army Formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War
Olive Branch Petition A document sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George III, proposing a reconciliation between the colonies and Britain
Common Sense A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain
Thomas Paine American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer who supported the America colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution
Declaration of Independence The document, written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776, in which the delegates of the Continental Congress declared the colonies' independence from Britain
Patriots A colonists who supported American independence from Britain
Loyalists A colonists who supported the British government during the American Revolution
Enlightenment An 18th-century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of reason and the scientific method as means of obtaining knowledge
John Locke A 17th-century English philosopher; believed human beings are born with certain ideas
Battle of Saratoga Turning point of the American Revolution
Valley Forge Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, 1/4 of the troops died here from disease and malnutrition
Marquis de Lafayette French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution (1757-1834)
George Cornwallis General in charge of British forces during the American Revolution; lost the battle of yorktown
Battle of Yorktown Last major battle of the war; Cornwallis surrendered
Treaty of Paris (1783) The treaty that ended the Revolutionary War, confirming the independence of the United States and settling the boundaries of the new nation.
Created by: sarah23me1