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US 11

Chapter 5

Articles of Confederation A set of laws adopted by the Continential congress to govern the U.S.
Legislative branch Congress part of the government that is responsible for making laws.
Executive branch headed by the president, puts laws into action that have been passed by congress.
Judicial branch Courts, and judges who interpret laws
Constitution A plan of government that describes the different parts of the government and their duties.
Democracy A government by the people.
Republic Government run by the people through their elected officials.
Shays' Rebellion Revolt in Massachusetts against new taxes. Protests, petitions, rebels forced courts to close.
Specie Gold or silver coin was more scarce than paper money.
Ratify Approve ( voting to ratify Constitution)
Federalist Those who favored the Constitution and wanted a strong national government
Anti-federalist Those who opposed the Constitution
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments to the Constitution to ensure the protection of individual freedoms.
Inauguration Official swearing in ceremony of the President
Cabinet Group of federal leaders to head major departments of the executive branch
Domestic Affairs Country's internal matters
Administration Term or office
Precedent An act or statement that becomes an example, rule, or tradition to be followed.
Constitutional Convention The gathering that drafted the Constitution. Separated the three branches of government
United States Constitution A document that embodies the fundamental laws
Amend to make it better or improve
Veto the constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law making body.
Great Compromise A compromise created by Roger Sherman that proposed different representation in the two-house legislature. The upper house had 2 senators for each state while the lower house was based on population.
Three-Fifths Compromise A compromise where every 5 enslaved people counted as 3 in the states population.
Federal system of government A system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states
Government The Institution in which decisions are made that resolve conflicts or allocate benefits and privileges. It is unique because it has the ultimate authority within society.
Separation of powers Division of power among the three branches of the federal government under the Constitution.
Checks and balances This thing prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful
Electoral college the body of elector chosen from each state to elect the president and vice president of the U.S.
Created by: mbarkley