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Ch. 3 Constitution


Article I created the legislative branch
Article II created the executive branch
Article III created the judicial branch
Article IV relationship between state and federal government; states are equal to each other
Article V how to amend the Constitution
Article VI * debts don't disappear with the new constitution * Constitution is the supreme law of the land * officials have to swear an oath to uphold the Constitution
Article VII ratification of the Constitution
1st Amendment freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and to petition the government
2nd Amendment right to bear arms
3rd Amendment can't be forced to quarter troops in time of peace
4th Amendment protection against unreasonable search and seizure
5th Amendment * right to a grand jury * protection against double jeopardy * protection against self-incrimination * due process
6th Amendment * right to a jury trial * right to confront witnesses * right to counsel
7th Amendment * right to a jury trial in a civil case
8th Amendment * protection against excessive bail * protection against cruel and unusual punishment
9th Amendment non-enumerated rights (rights not given to the states belong to the people)
10th Amendment rights reserved to states
11th Amendment lawsuits against states
12th Amendment popular vote to elect president and vice president (instead of the winner becoming president and the 2nd highest vote getter becoming vice-president)
13th Amendment abolishes slavery
14th Amendment due process and equal protection
15th Amendment voting rights for African Americans
16th Amendment federal government can tax income
17th Amendment senators from each state will be elected (instead of being chosen by the state house of representatives)
18th Amendment Prohibition - no alcohol
19th Amendment women get the right to vote
20th Amendment sets the date of presidential terms
21st Amendment repeals the 18th amendment - alcohol is legal again
22nd Amendment limits presidents to 2 terms
23rd Amendment Washington, D.C., gets to vote for president
24th Amendment no poll taxes in federal elections
25th Amendment deals with presidential vacancy, disability, and what happens if the president has an inability to fulfill the duties of his office
26th Amendment 18 year olds can vote (remember - Vietnam was happening and they were being drafted to fight in the war)
27th Amendment If Congress increases its salary, the increase won't take place until after the next election
Popular Sovereignty Government gets its power and authority from the people
Limited Government Constitution limits what the government can and cannot do
Separation of Power 3 separate branches of government with different powers
Checks and Balances Each branch has some control over the other 2 branches to keep one branch from getting too powerful
Judicial Review Courts can determine the constitutionality of the government and the laws it creates
Federalism some powers are delegated to the national government and some powers are reserved for the states
Bill of Rights 1st 10 amendments to the Constitution that protect individual rights
How many amendments to the Constitution are there? 27
Preamble introduction to the Constitution
Created by: Lessinger



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