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Gilded Age Vocab

definitions

TermDefinition
Standard Oil Company Standard Oil Co. Inc. was an American oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. Established in 1870 by John D. Rockefeller and Henry Flagler as a corporation in Ohio, it was the largest oil refinery in the world of its time.
Monopoly Monopoly is a control or advantage obtained by one entity over the commercial market in a specific area. Monopolization is an offense under federal anti trust law
Trust Trusts became very unpopular during the Gilded Age because they were not seen as being helpful to the consumer or to the market.
Social Darwinism he theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals.justify political conservatism, imperialism, and racism and to discourage intervention and reform.
Nativism he policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
Old Immigration “Old” immigrants were those who migrated to the United States between the 1820’s and 1870’s. It was during this time that many Britons, Germans, and those of Scandinavian descent crossed the Atlantic and landed in America. These immigrants were typically
New Immigration The “new” wave of immigrants came to America between the 1870’s and the 1920’s. These immigrants came in large numbers from southern and eastern European countries such as Italy, Greece, Poland, and Russia as well as Asian nations like China. “New” immi
Labor Unions an organized association of workers, often in a trade or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests.
Homestead strike An 1889 strike had won the steelworkers a favorable three-year contract; but by 1892 Andrew Carnegie was determined to break the union.
Ellis Island Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the U.S. as the United States' busiest immigrant inspection station for over 60 years from 1892 until 1954. Ellis Island was opened January 1, 1892. The island was grea
Statue of Liberty a large copper statue of a woman holding a torch aloft in her right hand located on Liberty Island in New York harbor.
Tenements a piece of land held by an owner.
Typhoid Typhoid fever was a common problem in many nineteenth century urban areas. A water and food borne bacteria, the disease spread easily and caused about a ten percent fatality rate. Typhoid typically struck hardest in cities without proper water sanitation
Political Machines Political machine, in U.S. politics, a party organization, headed by a single boss or small autocratic group, that commands enough votes to maintain political and administrative control of a city, county, or state.
Chinese Exclusion Act This directive banned the immigration of all Chinese peoples into the United States and called for a one-year prison sentence and $500 fine for any person attempting to smuggle Chinese laborers into the country. also had economic motives.
Muckrakers A person who intentionally seeks out and publishes the misdeeds, such as criminal acts or corruption, of a public individual for profit or gain.
17th amendment a procedure by which, in certain polities, voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before that official's term has ended.
Recall a procedure by which, in certain polities, voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before that official's term has ended.
Referendum a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal
Initiative a process that enables citizens to bypass their state legislature by placing proposed statutes and, in some states, constitutional amendments on the ballot.
Prohibition a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933
19th amendment gave women the right to vote in 1920
Square Deal a fair bargain or treatment.
16th Amendment The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
Direct Primary voters elect delegates who choose the party's candidates at a nominating convention.
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire On March 25, 1911, the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City burned, killing 145 workers.as the deaths were largely preventable–most of the victims died as a result of neglected safety features and locked doors within the factory building.
The jungle and laws a system or mode of action in which the strongest survive, presumably as animals in nature or as human beings whose activity is not regulated by the laws or ethics of civilization.
Created by: summer.perkinswc