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Unit 1.2 Vocab

Constitutional Convention vocabulary terms

Republic a country governed by elected representatives
Constitution a written plan that provides the basic framework of a government
Limited Government The powers of the government determined by the Constitution and the people. Also known as restricted powers.
U.S. Constitution the governing document of the United States, sets out the rules and principles of the government; the supreme law of the land
Popular Soveriegnty the power of government comes from the people
Federalism the power of the government is divided between the states and the federal government
Bicameral latin for "two houses"
Legislative Branch creates laws, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives
Congress the combined legislature made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives
Senate the upper house of the legislative branch
House of Representatives the lower house of the legislative branch
Executive Branch Enforces the laws
Judicial Branch Interprets the laws
Ratify To formally approve a plan or an agreement. The process of approval is called ratification
Federalists Led by James Madison, supporters of the Constitution who argued FOR ratification
Anti-Federalists Led by Samuel Adams, opponents of the Constitution who argued AGAINST ratification because it did not protect the rights of the people.
Bill of Rights List of rights of the people and restrictions on the power of government.
Created by: babel