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History Final SG

Study Guied for Final Exam ( US History )

Reasons why American Colonists settled where they did to increase their wealth and power by expanding their empires to America.
Foundations of American Democracy -Worth of the individual. -Equality of all persons. -Majority rule-minority rights. -Individual freedom. -Necessity of compromise.
Why did the Anti-Federalists oppose the ratification of the Constitution in 1787? they feared that the new national government would be too powerful and thus threaten individual liberties, given the absence of a bill of rights.
Thomas Paine and Common Sense Common Sense is a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1775–76
Declaration of Independence the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress
Shay’s Rebellion an armed uprising in Massachusetts, mostly in and around Springfield during 1786 and 1787.
Louisiana Purchase a land deal between the United States and France
Missouri Compromise of 1820 an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states
Compromise of 1850 a package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress in September 1850, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states
Manifest Destiny belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable.
Economic differences of the North and South prior to the Civil War the North was based on manufacturing. The South was based on agriculture.
Lincoln’s goal in the Civil War to preserve the Union at all costs.
Seneca Falls Convention the first women's rights convention.
Reconstruction Period The period after the Civil War, 1865 - 1877
President Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction Period President Andrew Johnson implemented a plan of Reconstruction that gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South.
Result of the Civil War abolishing the institution of slavery in America and firmly redefining the United States as a single nation.
Black Codes Statutes passed by pro-slavery, Southern states of the USA before and after the Civil War, to limit the civil rights of slaves or freed slaves
Native Americans a member of any of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 A federal law prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.
Indian Wars between 1860-1890 armed conflicts fought by European governments and colonists, and later the United States government and American settlers, against various American Indian tribes.
Homestead Act of 1862 several laws in the United States by which an applicant could acquire ownership of government land
Transcontinental Railroad A railroad that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network
Development of the Great Plains Developed from erosion from wind and rain.
Three-fifths Compromise a compromise reached among state delegates during the 1787 United States Constitutional Convention.
Reconstruction goals after the Civil War to help the South become a part of the Union again.
Economic impact of the Civil War the Civil War was expensive, In 1860 the U.S. national debt was $65 million.
Tenements a multi-occupancy building of any sort
Women's’ Suffrage Movement A protest women did to get the right to vote.
Battleship Maine an American naval ship that sank in Havana Harbor during the Cuban revolt against Spain
Why was the North worried about Great Britain during the Civil War? they supported slavery.
Impressments the taking of men into a military or naval force by compulsion, with or without notice.
Trail of Tears the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma.
Why did the South secede from the Union? Because they were convinced that President Lincoln was going to end slavery
Emancipation Proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
Why could Lincoln not carry out his plan of Reconstruction? Because Lincoln believed that the South had never legally seceded from the Union
Mukrackers investigative journalists
Who had great job opportunities during WWI when they did not before the war? Women and African Americans
Treaty of Versailles A Treaty that Ended World War I
Why did US enter WWI? because Germany treatended to sink the US ships.
League of Nations an international organization ,to provide a forum for resolving international disputes.
Americans reaction to WWI They didnt want it to happen.
Lusitania sinking A ship that the Germans caused to sink
Zimmermann Telegram a secret diplomatic communication
Created by: MaileaHarrell



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