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1942A US History

Study Stack for 1942A Final exam study guide

Reasons why American Colonists settled where they did Carry out trade
Foundations of American Democracy Examples are: Mayflower Compact House of Burgesses Albany Plan of Union New England town meetings
Why did the Anti-Federalists oppose the ratification of the Constitution in 1787? opposed​ ​ratification​ ​of​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States Constitution​ ​in​ ​1787​ ​was​ ​because​ ​the​ ​Constitution​ ​failed​ ​to include​ ​a​ ​bill​ ​of​ ​rights.
Thomas Paine and Common Sense Thomas Paine argued that the American colonies should break away from England. Tried to convince the colonists to declare their independence
Declaration of Independence Know the quote that begins "We​ ​hold​ ​these​ ​truths​ ​to​ ​be​ ​self-evident,​ ​that​ ​all​ ​men​ ​are​ ​created​ ​equal,​ ​...deriving​ ​their​ ​just​ ​powers​ ​from​ ​the​ ​consent​ ​of​ ​the​ ​governed”.
Shay’s Rebellion exposed​ ​fundamental​ ​weaknesses​ ​in​ ​government​ ​under​ ​the​ ​Articles​ ​of Confederation
Missouri Compromise of 1820 Settled conflicts of the North and South over Admission​ ​of​ ​states​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Union
Compromise of 1850 Settled conflicts of the North and South over Admission​ ​of​ ​states​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Union
Manifest Destiny First used as a support of Westward​ ​expansion​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Pacific​ ​Ocean. It was first used in the Mexican War to justify the U.S. government actions.
Economic differences of the North and South prior to the Civil War Transportation​ ​systems​ ​were​ ​more​ ​developed​ ​in​ ​the​ ​North​ ​than​ ​in​ ​the South. The South had more agriculture based while the north was more industrial based.
Lincoln’s goal in the Civil War Preserve​ ​the​ ​Union
Seneca Falls Convention Is often seen as the beginning of the Women’s​ ​rights​ ​movement
Reconstruction Period The period after the Civil War of reconstruction and where former slaves became citizens.
Result of the Civil War the​ ​power​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Central​ ​government​ ​was​ ​strengthened
Black Codes Following the Civil War, many Southern States enacted Black Codes to restrict​ ​the​ ​rights​ ​of​ ​formerly​ ​enslaved​ ​persons.
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 Is an example of actions​ ​that​ ​reflected​ ​widespread​ ​nativist​ ​sentiment
Indian Wars between 1860-1890 Were a result of the​ ​movement​ ​of​ ​settlers​ ​onto​ ​the​ ​Great​ ​Plains
Homestead Act of 1862 provided​ ​free​ ​land​ ​to​ ​settlers Contributed to the​ ​development​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Great​ ​Plains
Transcontinental Railroad Contributed to the​ ​development​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Great​ ​Plains
Three-fifths Compromise Related to slavery and that a slave would count as 3/5 of a person in respect to representation.
Reconstruction goals after the Civil War Heal​ ​wartime​ ​bitterness​ ​by​ ​quickly​ ​bringing​ ​the​ ​South​ ​back​ ​into​ ​the​ ​Union.
Tenements ​Were​ ​first​ ​built​ ​in​ ​the​ ​nineteenth​ ​century​ ​to house​ ​the​ ​poor​ ​as​ ​cheaply​ ​as​ ​possible.
Battleship Maine Because of the sinking of the Battleship Maine off the coast of Cuba, ​America​ ​became​ ​eager​ ​and​ ​willing​ ​to​ ​go​ ​to​ ​war​ ​against​ ​Spain.
Why was the North worried about Great Britain during the Civil War? North​ ​fear​ they ​might​ ​become​ ​an​ ​ally​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Confederacy
Impressments ​The​ ​practice​ ​by​ ​which​ ​men​ ​were​ ​forced​ ​to​ ​serve​ ​as​ ​British​ ​sailors​
Trail of Tears The​ ​forced​ ​expulsion​ ​of​ ​Indians​ ​from​ ​the​ ​eastern​ ​part​ ​of​ ​the​ ​United​ ​States
Why did the South secede from the Union? The first Southern States seceded from the Union after the Wilmot Proviso (The Wilmot Proviso proposed an American law to ban slavery in territory acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War.)
Emancipation Proclamation declared​ ​that​ ​slaves​ ​in​ ​"rebelling"​ ​Southern​ ​states​ ​were​ ​free made​ ​the​ ​destruction​ ​of​ ​slavery​ ​a​ ​Northern​ ​war​ ​aim. discouraged​ ​any​ ​interference​ ​from​ ​foreign​ ​governments.
Why could Lincoln not carry out his plan of Reconstruction? assassination​ ​a​ ​few​ ​days​ ​after​ ​Lee's​ ​surrender
Mukrackers Writers who exposed​ ​social​ ​conditions​ ​in​ ​need​ ​of​ ​reform. (Child Labor, tenement housing, factory working conditions….)
Who had great job opportunities during WWI when they did not before the war? Blacks​ ​and​ ​women
Treaty of Versailles France​ ​and​ ​Britain​ ​insisted​ ​on​ ​punishing​ ​Germany​ ​for​ ​the​ ​war. A​ ​League​ ​of​ ​Nations​ ​was​ ​created​ ​to​ ​prevent​ ​future​ ​wars​ ​and​ ​aggression. National​ ​boundaries​ ​were​ ​redrawn,​ ​creating​ ​many​ ​new​ ​nations.
Why did US enter WWI? To​ ​make​ ​the​ ​world​ ​safe​ ​for​ ​democracy To​ ​protect​ ​American​ ​lives​ ​and​ ​shipping To​ ​uphold​ ​international​ ​law.
League of Nations was​ ​objected​ ​to​ ​by​ ​Americans​ ​because​ ​United​ ​States​ ​foreign​ ​policy decisions​ ​would​ ​be​ ​made​ ​by​ ​an​ ​international​ ​organization
Americans reaction to WWI they​ ​wanted​ ​insurance​ ​that​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​could​ ​stay​ ​out​ ​of​ ​the​ ​conflict
Lusitania sinking In response to the Lusitania Sinking…the​ ​U.S.​ ​demanded​ ​that​ ​Germany​ ​cease​ ​unrestricted​ ​submarine​ ​warfare
Zimmermann Telegram proposed​ ​an​ ​alliance​ ​between​ ​Germany​ ​and​ ​Mexico​ ​to​ ​conquer​ ​the​ ​U.S.
Declaration of Independence Is a social contract meant to guarantee individual rights. ​It​ ​stated​ ​that​ ​in​ ​a​ ​democracy,​ ​power​ ​comes​ ​from​ ​the People
Louisiana Purchase When​ ​President​ ​Thomas​ ​Jefferson​ ​acquired​ ​the​ ​Louisiana​ ​Territory​ ​from​ ​France, he demonstrated​ ​that​ ​he​ ​had​ ​modified​ ​his​ ​belief​ ​that the​ ​Constitution​ ​should​ ​be​ ​strictly​ ​interpreted. ​
Louisiana Purchase continued. It had​ ​great​ ​geographic​ ​significance​ ​for​ ​the​ ​US​ ​because​it​focused​ ​the​ ​US​ ​on​ ​westward​ ​expansion.
President Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction Period After​ ​the​ ​Civil​ ​War,​ there was a period called the Reconstruction Period.
President Andrew Johnson and the Reconstruction Period continued During this time,​serious​ ​differences​ ​between​ ​Congress​ ​and​ ​President​ ​Andrew Johnson​ ​about​ ​how​ ​to​ ​handle​ ​Reconstruction​ ​led​ ​to​ ​the​Impeachment of President Johnson.
Native Americans After the Civil War the way of life for Native Americans was different in that ​their country as they knew it was taken ​away, as well as​ their​ ​means​ ​of​ ​support​.
Native Americans continued. It ​broke​ ​up​ ​their mode​ ​of​ ​living,​ ​their​ ​habits​ ​of​ ​life,​ and​introduced​ ​disease​ ​and​ ​decay​ ​among​ ​them.
Economic impact of the Civil War The​ ​South​ ​was​ ​left​ ​embittered​ ​and​ ​devastated​ ​by​ ​the​ ​war. The​ ​South's​ ​factories,​ ​farms,​ ​railroads,​ ​and​ ​major​ ​cities​ ​were​ ​destroyed​ ​and lay​ ​in​ ​ruins.
Economic impact of the Civil War continued The​ ​south​ ​remained​ ​a​ ​backwards​ ​agriculture-based​ ​economy​ ​and​ ​the poorest​ ​section​ ​of​ ​the​ ​nation​ ​for​ ​many​ ​decades.
Women's’ Suffrage Movement resulted​ ​in​ ​the​ ​passage​ ​of​ ​the​ ​19th​ ​Amendment​ ​in​ ​1920. was​ ​led​ ​by​ ​Elizabeth​ ​Cady​ ​Stanton​ ​and​ ​Susan​ ​B.​ ​Anthony​ ​before​ ​and​ ​after the​ ​Civil​ ​War
Women's’ Suffrage Movement continued developed​ ​a​ ​declaration​ ​of​ ​women’s​ ​rights​ ​at​ ​the​ ​Seneca​ ​Falls​ ​Convention in​ ​New​ ​York was​ ​another​ ​reform​ ​movement​ ​established​ ​during​ ​Jacksonian​ ​Democracy.
Progressivism Progressives​ ​sought​ ​to​ ​use​ ​the​ ​government​ ​to​ ​help​ ​create​ ​a​ ​just​ ​society it​ ​was​ ​a​ ​political​ ​response​ ​to​ ​industrialism​ ​and​ ​its​ ​social​ ​by-products
Progressivism continued It​ ​differed​ ​from​ ​populism​ ​in​ ​that​ ​progressivism​ ​was​ ​more​ ​urban​ ​and enlisted​ ​more​ ​journalists,​ ​academics,​ ​and​ ​social​ ​theorists
Rapid growth in cities caused what? need​ ​for​ ​public​ ​services,​ ​such​ ​as​ ​water​ ​and​ ​sewage shortage​ ​of​ ​housing​ ​facilities rise​ ​of​ ​slums​ ​and​ ​tenement​ ​houses
Missouri Compromise ​provided​ ​that​ ​Missouri​ ​be​ ​admitted​ ​as​ ​a​ ​slave​ ​state​ ​ Maine be​ ​admitted​ ​as​ ​a​ ​free​ ​state all​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Louisiana​ ​Territory​ ​north​ ​of​ ​36°30'​ ​except​ ​within​ ​Missouri​ ​itself​ ​to be​ ​closed​ ​to​ ​slavery
Created by: Mrs. Stubbs