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U. S. History

Chapter 10 vocab

QuestionAnswer
Wilmot Proviso a bill proposed after the Mexican War
Free-Soil Party antislavery party founded to keep slavery out of the western territories
Popular sovereignty a policy stating that voters in a territory
Secede break away from the union
Compromise of 1850 a series of measures to resolve the territorial and slavery controversies arising from the Mexican War
Fugitive Slave act a part of the compromise of 1850 that Gave a new-and controversial- protection to slavery
Personal liberty laws pre-Civil War laws passed by Northern state governments to counteract the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Acts
Underground Railroad an escape routes used by escaping slaves to reach freedom in the North
Harriet Tubman became the most renowned conductor on the Underground Railroad, leading more than 300 slaves to freedom
Harriet Beecher Stowe author of the antislavery novel Uncle Tom's Cabin
Kansas-Nebraska Act the act granting statehood to Nebraska and Kansas, also giving those residing in those territories the right to choose to be a free or slave state
John Brown an abolitionist who attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing Armories in southern territory and giving weapons to slaves who was hanged
"Bleeding Kanas" sequence of violent events between proslavery and antislavery supporters in Kanas
Know-Nothings political party of the mid-1800s that opposed immigration
Republican Party political party established around an antislavery platform in 1854
Dred Scott slave who sued for freedom after living in free states and a free territory
Roger B. Taney Chief Justice who delivered the Supreme Court decision on Dred Scott decision
Abraham Lincoln republican president whose election in 1860 caused South Carolina to secede
Stephen A. Douglas Illinois Democrat who believed in popular sovereignty and steered the compromise of 1850 through the Senate
Harpers Ferry town in Virginia where abolitionist John Brown raised a federal Arsenal in 1859
Jefferson Davis Mississippi senator who became president of the confederacy
John C. Breckinridge southern democrat that was committed to the expansion and protection of slavery
Confederate States of America government of 11 southern states that seceded from the United States and fought against the union in the civil war
Crittenden Compromise 1861 proposed constitutional amendment that attempted to prevent secession of the southern states by allowing slavery in the Mississippi compromise line
Fort Sumter federal fort located in Charleston, South Carolina, where the first shots of the civil war were fired
Created by: VKimbrell718