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Atlantic History

Atlantic History Midterm & Finals Review

Chattel Slavery Slaves are considered property can only be free when athey purchased themselves or when their master(s) allowed them to be
Ceuta Spanish city known for its commercial importance in ivory, gold, and slaves
Cape Bojador European explorers and traders used route to Africa and later to India
Cape of Good Hope
Demographic Catastrophe When a culture encounters a new and deadly disease
Virgin Soil Disease
Tupi Indigenous people of Brazil
Taino Extinct people inhabiting the Greater Antilles and Bahamas
Atlantic History
Caravel A ship in 1500s-1700s was a small and fast ship owned by Portuguese or Spanish
Kongo Kingdom African kingdom located in west central Africa
King Nzinga Ruler of Kingdom of Kongo first half of the 16th century
Bartolome de Las Casas Dominican friar recorded abuses of native people and first man to advocate for their rights
Timbuktu City in Mali popular for it's trade in salt, gold, ivory, and slaves
Christopher Columbus
Fort Navidad Settlement that Christopher Columbus and his men established in present-day Haiti in 1492
La Isabela (town) First European settlement to be built in the New World
Mexica/Aztec Empire Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521
Hernán Cortés Defeated the Aztec empire and claimed Mexico for Spain
Tenochtitlan ( A.D. 1325 and 1521) built on an island on Lake Texcoco, it had a system of canals and causeways that supplied the hundreds of thousands of people who lived there
Inca Empire 1400s built one of the largest, most tightly controlled empires the world has ever known
Malinche Nahua woman helped Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire acting as an interpreter
West Indies The West Indies is a region of the NAO in the Caribbean including the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago
Treaty of Tordesillas Spain and Portugal to stop conflicts over lands discovered or explored by Christopher Columbus and other late 15th-century voyagers
Prince Henry encouraged exploration in the early 15th century
Vasco da Gama Journey commissioned by Portuguese king proved that the Atlantic and Indian oceans were connected
Gil Eanes Portuguese navigator and explorer who was a captain of a ship that returned
Bartolomeu Dias First European mariner to round the southern tip of Africa
Donatary Captains
Elmina A town in Ghana one of the most important stops on the route of the Atlantic slave trade
Trade-fort system/feitoria Free-trade zone or transshipment point
Fortunate Isles Islands were said to lie in the Western Ocean near the encircling River Oceanus; Madeira, the Canary Islands, the Azores, Cape Verde, Bermuda, and the Lesser Antilles
Songhai Empire Askia Muhammad Islam ruler controlled gold and salt trade from the Mali Empire
Lançado Person who was left in Africa to live for a period of time
Pedro Alvares Cabral Portuguese navigator who discovered Brazil on a voyage to India
Middle Passage Sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies
Cimarron/maroon Africans who had escaped slavery in the Americas mixed indigenous peoples of the Americas, and formed independent settlements
Primary source Information that was created at the time under study
Secondary Source Written after the event happened
Lançarote de Freitas Leader of two large Portuguese slaving raids on the West African coast in 1444-1446
Guanche Native people of the of the Canary Islands
Disenclavement Allows idea to disperse throughout various areas in the world allowing the "ending of isolation". Africa is an example
Iberia Portugal and Spain
Bartolomeu Dias First European mariner to round the southern tip of Africa discovering opening way for a sea route from Europe to Asia
Created by: ccdpittsford
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