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SS 5th Test #

Q1 Study Set for 5th Grade Social Studies

Region An area where many features are similiar
Relative Location the position of one place compared to other places
Continent land mass
Population # of people
Geography the study of the surface of the land
How are states in a region similar? Kind of land, climate, history, culture and people who live there.
Contiguous Next to one another
Why does our country have regions? To make it easier to talk about different areas of the country.
Two ways to size a country Measure the states land area OR population
North America countries - LARGE to small in LAND AREA Canada, United States, Mexico
North America countries - LARGE to small in POPULATION United States, Mexico, Canada
How are Canada, United States are Mexico similar? They are all in North America and they have all been explored.
Landform Region a region that has similar landforms (physical features) throughout
Mountain range a group of CONNECTED mountains
Prairie an area of flat or rolling land covered mostly by grasses
Why is the country divided into landform regions? Because it is easier to study the land better.
Climate the kind of weather a place has over a long time
What makes landform regions in the United States different? Shape, climate, landforms and the way they came to be.
Coastal plains flat, low land along the Atlantic Ocean
What is the difference between the coastal plains in Massachusetts and Florida? Massachusetts is slim and Florida is it thick.
Erosion gradual wearing away the Earth's surface
Examples of Erosion Glaciers, wind and rain.
Difference between Coastal Plains and Appalachian Coastal Plains are flat and Appalachians are filled with peaks and wide valleys.
How is the environment different in the Great Plains than the Central Plains? in the Great Plains the land is even flatter, with very few rivers and almost no trees.
Environment the surroundings in which people, plants and animals live in.
The Great Basin an area of DRY land that includes Nevada and 5 other neighboring states.
3 Ranges Sierra Nevada, Cascade and Coast
3 Valleys Central, Puget Sound, Willamette
What is the difference between the Pacific and Atlantic coasts? The Pacific has very little flat land while the Atlantic has lots of flat land.
How do the Rocky Mountains differ from the Intermountain Region? The Rockies are high and snow covered whil the Intermountain is low and dry.
Inlet any area of water extending into the land from a larger body of water.
Gulf a large inlet
Sound a long inlet that separates offshore islands from the mainland.
Tributary a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river.
River System a river and its tributaries
Fall Line a place where the land drops sharply causing rivers to form water falls or rapids.
Drainage Basin a land drained by a river system.
Example of a River System the Mississippi River and its tributaries
Example of a Drainage Basin the land between the Rockies and the Appalachian -- Mississippi River system is draining it.
How do Great Lakes and the Great SALT Lake differ? Great lakes are made up of fresh water and Salt Lake is made up of salt water like the ocean.
What is difference between a river and a river system? A river is just one, where a system includes a river's tributaries.
How did fall lines help people in the past? The fast moving water was used to power factory machines or now electricity.
Where do rivers from the West go? Into the Pacific ocean
Where do rivers from the East go? Into the Atlantic ocean
3 Factors that affect Climate Elevation, distance to oceans, distance from the equator
How does the Earth's orbit around the Sun cause seasons? Because Earth is tilted closer to the Sun at different times of year allowing more sun heat and sunlight.
Why are northern states usually colder than southern states? Because they are further away from the equator and higher above sea level.
3 Factors that cause the variety of vegetation growth Precipitation, Soil and Temperature
Irrigation the use of canals, pipes or ditches to move water to dry areas.
Arid Dry climate
Tundra Cold, dry region where plants cannot grow
Elevation height of land in relation to sea level
Natural vegetation plant life
Factors that encourage settlement Climate, soil, water and landforms.
How is land used or adapted? Farmed, mined and building cities.
Natural resource Something found in nature that people use.
How do different climates discourage & encourage settlement? Discourage because landforms make tough to reach, encourage with good soil and access to water for farming.
Renewable resource Made again by people or nature. Example: Water, trees, light, wind.
NON-Renewable resource Cannot be made again by people or nature. Example: Ore, minerals, gas.
4 Main vegetation regions that cover United States Desert, tundra, grasslands and forest.
Efficiency using less energy to do the same task.
Created by: iborden



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