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Pre-Contact Cultures

Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, Missisippian

When did the Paleo Indians exist? Before 10,000 years ago
When did the Archaic Indians exist? From 10,000 to 2,500 years ago
When did the Woodland Indians exist? From 1000 B.C to 1000 A.D
When did the Mississippian Indians exist? From 700 A.D to 1300 A.D.
How did the Europeans get to North America? A land bridge that connected Asia to North America
What is the Pre-contact period? Time before europeans arrived in North America
An archaeologist is a scientist that categorized ______ people by what two things? Ancient; Culture & Region
Pre-Cultures in chronological order: Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, Mississippian
Old: Archaic
Very old: Paleo
What kind of hunters where the paleo's? Nomadic
Who developed the bow & arrow Woodland indians
What is an atlatl and who was first t use it? Stick to throw spears with more force; Archaic Indians
Who developed ceremonial centers/mounds like the one in Montgomery county called what? Mississippian; Town Creek Indian mound
what kind of shelter did each group have? Paleo:No fixed shelter Archaic:Crude shelter(stayed in one place longer) Woodland:First to build permanent shelters(wood with grass roofs) Mississippian: Same as woodland except they had special ceremonial buildings in the center
Food for each group? Paleo:Big Game(mammoth, camel, early bison) Archaic:Small game(animals died out; fish, nuts, roots, other plants Woodland:Small game(fish, nuts, roots, and some crops (corn, squash, sunflower) Mississippian: Small game & various crops.
4Weapons/tools for Woodland and Mississippians bow and arrow, clay pottery, pipes, and necklaces
3 weapons/tools for Paleo: crude stone spears, knives, and scrappers
5 weapons/tools for Archaic spears, atlatl, bannerstone, bowls, and stone pipes
Created by: Klizzie



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