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Anthropology Test 1

Phonology Study of sounds used in speech
Morphology Study of form; used in linguistics and for form in general
Lexicon Vocabulary
Syntax Arrangement and order of words and phrases
Phoneme Sound contrast that serves to distinguish meaning
Anthropology Study of humans; non-western perspective (industry/philosophy)
What is leadership? A pyramid
Physical/Biological Anthropology Study of the origins, evolution, and biological nature of humans
Cultural Anthropology Study of the cultures of the present
Linguistic Anthropology Study of languages and how they relate to culture
Archeology Study of past humans and cultures through remains, analyze and interpret data
Applied Anthropology Solving real world problems
What are the big three? Learned, shared, symbolic
Cultural Universals Features of a culture that each culture has
Ethnocentrism Thinking your culture is superior/central norm
Culture Generalizations Broad characteristics about a culture
Culture Particularities Unique aspects to that culture
Civic Culture Political/government/legal/religious system
Public Culture Social tendencies in public
Cultural Relativism Looking at all angles before judging; don't judge cultures based on yours
Acultration Exchange of cultural features
Enculturation Culture you're born into
Ethnography Study done in the field
Ethnic Group Group distinguished by cultural similarities and differences
Ethnicity Identification with and feeling apart of, an ethnic group, and exclusion from certain other groups because of this affiliation
Ethnographic Relating to the scientific description of peoples and cultures with their customs, habits, and mutual differences
Ethnology Compares cultures
Social Science Scientific study of human society and social relationships
Culture Traditions and customs that govern behavior and beliefs
CRM Branch of applied archaeology aimed to preserve sites threatened by projects
Symbol Something that stands for something else with no necessary/natural connection
Subcultures Different cultural symbol-based traditions associated with subgroups associated with subgroups in the same complex society
Participant Observation Characteristic ethnographic technique; taking part in the events one is observing
Emic View Research strategy that emphasizes the observer's rather than the natives'
Etic View Research strategy that emphasizes the natives' rather than the observer's
Longitudinal Research Long-term study of a community; taking research question "big time"
Norming Deciphering body language for a certain person
What percentage of what we convey is through body language? 93% and 7% is verbal
Key Cultural Consultant An expert on a particular aspect of a local life who helps the ethnographer understand that aspect
Genealogical Method Procedures by which ethnographers discover and record connections of kinship, descent, and marriage, using diagrams and symbols
Sociolinguistics Study of language in its social context
Linguistic Diversity A way to talk about varied types of traits including language, family, grammar, and vocabulary
Language Death A process in which the level of a speech community's linguistic competence in their language variety decreases, eventually resulting in no native/fluent speakers of the variety
Created by: archergirl



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