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6 Hist Ch 2 BJU

(Z) essay pg. 22
Akkadian Empire world's first empire
arches, columns, and domes three Sumerian architectural features
artisan skilled craftsman
Asia Minor a peninsula in western Asia between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
Assyrian Empire empire that turned away from evil ways after Jonah preached repentance and received God's mercy
Babylonian Empire Amorite civilization
city-state a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.
civilization A society with cities, a central government, job specialization, and social classes which occurred in early history, even before the flood.
cuneiform A form of writing developed by the Sumerians using a wedge shaped stylus and clay tablets.
epic A long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
Fertile Crescent A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf.
food surplus extra food creation that allows people to engage in activities besides farming
Hammurabi Amorite ruler of Babylon (r. 1792-1750 B.C.E.). He conquered many city-states in southern and northern Mesopotamia and is best known for a code of laws, inscribed on a black stone pillar, illustrating the principles to be used in legal cases.
Hammurabi's Code a set of laws that governed life in the Babylonian empire. No mention of God or sin against Him.
irrigation A way of supplying water to an area of land
levees an embankment or ridge built to prevent the overflow of a river.
Nebuchadnezzar A Babylonian king who conquered Jerusalem,and built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, but later received God's judgment and became like a beast of the field
polytheism the belief in or worship of more than one god.
priests people the Sumerians relied on to gain the favor of the gods
Sargon I emperor of the Akkadian Empire
scribes professional record keepers for merchants, the temple and the government
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers the two rivers that surround Mesopotamia. These rivers would flood and provide silt that made the soil fertile.
wheel invention that improved transportation and pottery making
Ziggurat A rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
Created by: Mrs_CC